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Catastrophic outburst floods carved Greenland’s ‘Grand Canyon’

Buried a mile beneath Greenland's thick ice sheet is a network of canyons so deep and long that the largest of these has been called Greenland's "Grand Canyon."

Scientists find evidence of how platinum metals form under 60 million-year-old Scottish volcano

Research carried out by scientists at Keele University, the University of Manchester and University College Dublin has shed new light on how precious metals are concentrated in igneous rocks.

New study finds connection between fault roughness and the magnitude of earthquakes

A new study led by McGill University has found that tectonic plates beneath the Earth's surface can show varying degrees of roughness and could help explain why certain earthquakes are stronger than others.

The sleeping giant – supervolcano of the Andes

Under the volcanoes in the Andes where Chile, Argentina and Bolivia meet, there is a gigantic reservoir of molten magma.

Seismic map of North America reveals geologic clues, earthquake hazards

How do mountains form? What forces are needed to carve out a basin? Why does the Earth tremble and quake?

Tectonic plates started shifting earlier than previously thought

An enduring question in geology is when Earth's tectonic plates began pushing and pulling in a process that helped the planet evolve and shaped its continents into the ones that exist today.

Study suggests rainfall triggered 2018 Kīlauea eruption

In May 2018 Kīlauea volcano on the island of Hawaii erupted, touching off months of intense activity. Through August, incandescent lava from fissures spewed hundreds of feet in the air, and billowing ash clouds reached as high as six miles into the atmosphere.

A possible relationship between the red color of stalagmites and paleoclimatic changes is found

The CENIEH has participated in a study where spectroscopic techniques were used to investigate the cause of the red coloration of the stalagmites in Goikoetxe Cave and its possible use as an indicator of paleoclimatic changes in northern Spain.

New geochemical tool reveals origin of Earth’s nitrogen

Researchers at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) and their colleagues used a new geochemical tool to shed light on the origin of nitrogen and other volatile elements on Earth, which may also prove useful as a way to monitor the activity of volcanoes. 

Journey to the center of the Earth – First of its kind experiment uses diamond anvils to simulate the Earth’s core

In an effort to investigate conditions found at the Earth’s molten outer core, researchers successfully determined the density of liquid iron and sound propagation speed through it at extremely high pressures.

Timing of large earthquakes follows a ‘devil’s staircase’ pattern

At the regional level and worldwide, the occurrence of large shallow earthquakes appears to follow a mathematical pattern called the Devil's Staircase, where clusters of earthquake events are separated by long but irregular intervals of seismic quiet.

Heavy iron isotopes leaking from Earth’s core

Earth's molten core may be leaking iron, according to researchers who analyzed how iron behaves inside our planet. The boundary between the liquid iron core...