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Innovative Method Opens up New Perspectives for Reconstructing Climatic Conditions of Past Eras

Corals precipitate their calcareous skeletons (calcium carbonate) from seawater. Over thousands of years, vast coral reefs form due to the deposition of this calcium carbonate.

New Study Supports Predictions That the Arctic Could be Free of Sea Ice by 2035

A new study, published this week in the journal Nature Climate Change, supports predictions that the Arctic could be free of sea ice by 2035.

Volcanic Eruptions Responsible for Cooling of Earth Around 13,000 Years Ago

Ancient sediment found in a central Texas cave appears to solve the mystery of why the Earth cooled suddenly about 13,000 years ago, according to a research study co-authored by a Texas A&M University professor.

Biodiversity Surrounding the Tibetan Plateau Shows How Climate Change Can Affect Evolution

One of the big questions in biology is why certain plants and animals are found in some places and not others.

The Middle Holocene, a Plausible View of the Future

Global warming will modify the distribution and abundance of fish worldwide, with effects on the structure and dynamics of food networks.

Study Analyses 500 Years of Floods in Europe

An international research project coordinated by the Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien), with participation from researchers of the University of Barcelona, shows for the first time that flood pattern over the last decades in Europe have changed compared to past centuries.

How Governments Resist World Heritage ‘in Danger’ Listings

A study published today found national governments repeatedly resisted the placement of 41 UNESCO World Heritage sites-including the Great Barrier Reef-on the World Heritage in Danger list.

Climate Scientists Increasingly Ignore Ecological Role of Indigenous People

In their zeal to promote the importance of climate change as an ecological driver, climate scientists increasingly are ignoring the profound role that indigenous peoples played in fire and vegetation dynamics, not only in the eastern United States but worldwide, according to a Penn State researcher.

Neanderthals of Western Mediterranean Did Not Become Extinct Because of Changes in Climate

Homo Neanderthaliensis did not become extinct because of changes in climate. At least, this did not happen to the several Neanderthals groups that lived in the western Mediterranean 42,000 years ago.

Alaskan Volcano Linked to Mysterious Period With Extreme Climate in Ancient Rome

The cold, famine and unrest in ancient Rome and Egypt after the assassination of Julius Caesar in 44 BC has long been shrouded in mystery.

Typhoon Changed Earthquake Patterns

The Earth's crust is under constant stress. Every now and then this stress is discharged in heavy earthquakes, mostly caused by the slow movement of Earth's crustal plates.

Paleoclimatology Study Shows Global Warming has Upended 6,500 Years of Cooling

Over the past 150 years, global warming has more than undone the global cooling that occurred over the past six millennia, according to a major study in Nature Research's Scientific Data, "Holocene global mean surface temperature, a multi-method reconstruction approach."