Home Palaeoanthropology



New data supports the theory of Neanderthal’s low genetic diversity as the main cause for their extinction

What caused the disappearance of the Homo Neanderthalensis, a species that seemingly had as many capabilities as the Homo Sapiens?

Homo Sapiens caused Neanderthal extinction according to computer models

Using computer models, climate scientists from the IBS Centre suggests that Homo Sapiens are responsible for the demise of the Neanderthal between 43-38 thousand years ago.

Development of teeth enables sex from fossil site to be estimated

An analysis of 32 dental pieces from Sima de los Huesos in Spain, has enabled researchers to estimate the sex of 15 individuals.

Fossils show that early ancestors had dual hand use

A new study by anthropologists at the University of Kent has identified that hand use behaviour in the fossils of our early ancestors is consistent with modern humans.

Earliest European Upper Palaeolithic Homo Sapiens

Two new studies on the homo sapien fossils found at the Bacho Kiro Cave in Bulgaria provides evidence for the first dispersal of H. sapiens across the mid-latitudes of Eurasia.

Ancient Neandertals were picky when choosing animal bone in making tools

A research team has suggested that Neandertals from Europe and Asia around 40,000 years ago chose to use bones from specific animals to make a tool for specific purposes: working hides into leather.

Neandertals had older mothers and younger fathers

Researchers analyzed the genomes of more than 27.000 Icelanders to find out which parts of our genomes contain Neandertal DNA.

Study reveals the diet of the “Theropithecus oswaldi” primate

A new study by Alicante University reveals the feeding pattern of the most common primate of the fossil registry of the African Pleistocene. A study...

Study Compares Parietal Lobes of Neanderthals and Modern Humans

The Paleoneurobiology group at the National Center for Research on Human Evolution (CENIEH), led by Emiliano Bruner, has just published a morphological analysis of the brain of Neanderthals and modern humans, the results of which suggest that the "Roundness" of our brain is due in part to the fact that the parietal lobes are, on average, larger and more bulky.