The Paleoneurobiology group at the National Center for Research on Human Evolution (CENIEH), led by Emiliano Bruner, has just published a morphological analysis of the brain of Neanderthals and modern humans, the results of which suggest that the "Roundness" of our brain is due in part to the fact that the parietal lobes are, on average, larger and more bulky.
An international team, including Arizona State University researcher Gary Schwartz, have unearthed the earliest known skull of Homo erectus, the first of our ancestors to be nearly human-like in their anatomy and aspects of their behavior.
A partial skeleton of Homo naledi represents a rare case of an immature individual, shedding light on the evolution of growth and development in human ancestry, according to a study by Debra Bolter of Modesto Junior College in California and the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, and colleagues.
The species Australopithecus afarensis inhabited East Africa more than three million years ago, and occupies a key position in the hominin family tree, as it is widely accepted to be ancestral to all later hominins, including the human lineage.
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