Natural History

Study identifies a succession of climatic changes one million years ago in Europe

A study of the Quibas site in Murcia, Spain, has revealed new data to suggest that one million years ago there was a succession of climatic changes in Europe.

Red squirrels spread leprosy during medieval period

A study of archaeological sites in Winchester, England, has revealed that red squirrels served as a host for Mycobacterium leprae strains that caused leprosy in people.

Study reveals disease landscape of Ancient Egypt

A new study, published in the journal Advances in Parasitology, has conducted a meta-analysis of mummies to reveal new insights into the disease landscape of Ancient Egypt.

Greenland’s Paradise Valley

The Qinngua Valley, also known as Paradisdalen (meaning “paradise valley”) is a unique biome in southern Greenland and contains the island’s only natural forest zone.

Exotic horses used for jousting tournaments were buried in Westminster

The cemetery is located under Elverton Street, which was excavated by archaeologists in the 1990’s in advance of building works

Researchers figured out how the ancestors of modern horses migrated

An international research team determined that ancestors of modern domestic horses and the Przewalski horse moved from the territory of Eurasia (Russian Urals, Siberia, Chukotka, and eastern China) to North America (Yukon, Alaska, continental USA) from one continent on another at least twice.

Scientists Pinpoint Our Most Distant Animal Relatives

Scientists from Trinity College Dublin believe they have pinpointed our most distant animal relative in the tree of life and, in doing so, have resolved an ongoing debate. Their work finds strong evidence that sponges - not more complex comb jellies - were our most distant relatives.

Ancient Megafaunal Mutualisms & Extinctions as Factors in Plant Domestication

By clearing forests, burning grasslands, plowing fields and harvesting crops, humans apply strong selective pressures on the plants that survive on the landscapes we use.

Early Neolithic Sheep-Breeders Had High Levels of Mortality Among Young Animals in Their Herds

A study of ancient bones shows that Early Neolithic sheep-breeders were faced with high levels of mortality among young animals in their herds.

Woolly Mammoths May Have Shared the Landscape With First Humans in New England

Woolly mammoths may have walked the landscape at the same time as the earliest humans in what is now New England, according to a Dartmouth study published in Boreas.

How Did Dogs Get to the Americas?

The history of dogs has been intertwined, since ancient times, with that of the humans who domesticated them.

First DNA Extracted from Modern, Ancient and Fossil Tropical Shells

In Wonderland, Alice drank a potion to shrink herself. In nature, some animal species shrink to escape the attention of human hunters, a process that takes from decades to millennia.

Animal Evolution: Glimpses of Ancient Environments

Although amber looks like a somewhat unusual inorganic mineral, it is actually derived from an organic source - tree resins.

Million-year-old DNA Reveals How Mammoths Evolved

An international team led by researchers at the Centre for Palaeogenetics in Stockholm has sequenced DNA recovered from mammoth remains that are up to 1.2 million years old.

Climate Change Likely Drove the Extinction of North America’s Largest Animals

New research suggests that overhunting by humans was not responsible for the extinction of mammoths, ground sloths, and other North American megafauna.

Scientists Discover Stationary Life Deep Beneath Antarctic Ice Shelf

Far underneath the ice shelves of the Antarctic, there's more life than expected, finds a recent study in the journal Frontiers in Marine Science.

Horse Remains Reveal New Insights Into How Native Peoples Raised Horses

A new analysis of a horse previously believed to be from the Ice Age shows that the animal actually died just a few hundred years ago--and was raised, ridden and cared for by Native peoples.

Women Influenced Coevolution of Dogs and Humans

In a cross-cultural analysis, Washington State University researchers found several factors may have played a role in building the mutually beneficial relationship between humans and dogs, including temperature, hunting and surprisingly - gender.

Ancient DNA Reveals Secrets of Dire Wolves

Extinct dire wolves split off from other wolves nearly six million years ago and were only a distant relative of today's wolves.

Sharing Leftover Meat May Have Contributed to Early Dog Domestication

Humans feeding leftover lean meat to wolves during harsh winters may have had a role in the early domestication of dogs, towards the end of the last ice age (14,000 to 29,000 years ago).

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