Date:

Underwater archaeologists discover ancient shipwreck in sunken city

A team of underwater archaeologists from the European Institute of Sunken Archaeology (IEASM), have discovered an ancient warship in the submerged city of Heraklion in Abi Qir Bay, Egypt.

Heraklion, also known as Thonis was an Egyptian city located near the Canopic Mouth of the Nile. During the end of the 2nd century BC, a combination of earthquakes, tsunamis, rising sea levels, and soil liquefaction, resulted in Heraklion being submerged along with the adjacent population centres of Canopus and Menouthis.

- Advertisement -

During this period, the ship was docking near the temple of Amun, but was struck by falling stones when the temple collapsed as a result of a major seismic event. The debris buried the ship to a depth of 5 metres (15 feet) at the bottom of a cannel, entombing the wreck (and protecting it) in layers of hardened clay.

“This discovery beautifully illustrates the presence of the Greek merchants who lived in that city,” read a statement from the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities

Initial studies suggest that the ship was around 25 metres in height, and was constructed to the classic flat-bottomed hull design using mortise-and-tenon joints. Such ships were either rowed or sailed, and were mainly navigated in the Nile and the Nile Delta.

Franck Goddio, president of the European Institute for Underwater Archaeology said: “The finds of fast galleys from this period remain extremely rare, the only other example to date being the Punic Marsala Ship from 235 BC.” However, “Before this discovery, Hellenistic ships of this type were completely unknown to archaeologists” added Goddio.

- Advertisement -

Professor Ehab Fahmy, head of the Central Administration of Sunken Monuments, said: “the mission also succeeded in finding the remains of a Greek funeral area dating back to the beginning of the fourth century BC, at the entrance of the northeast channel into the city, where they were allowed to settle during the late Pharaonic era, and they held their funeral temples near the main temple”.

Header Image Credit : Egyptian Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities

- Advertisement -
spot_img
Mark Milligan
Mark Milligan
Mark Milligan is multi-award-winning journalist and the Managing Editor at HeritageDaily. His background is in archaeology and computer science, having written over 8,000 articles across several online publications. Mark is a member of the Association of British Science Writers (ABSW), the World Federation of Science Journalists, and in 2023 was the recipient of the British Citizen Award for Education, the BCA Medal of Honour, and the UK Prime Minister's Points of Light Award.
spot_img

Mobile Application

spot_img

Related Articles

Pyramid of the Moon marked astronomical orientation axis of Teōtīhuacān

Teōtīhuacān, loosely translated as "birthplace of the gods," is an ancient Mesoamerican city situated in the Teotihuacan Valley, Mexico.

Anglo-Saxon cemetery discovered in Malmesbury

Archaeologists have discovered an Anglo-Saxon cemetery in the grounds of the Old Bell Hotel in Malmesbury, England.

Musket balls from “Concord Fight” found in Massachusetts

Archaeologists have unearthed five musket balls fired during the opening battle of the Revolutionary War at Minute Man National Historical Park in Concord, United States.

3500-year-old ritual table found in Azerbaijan

Archaeologists from the University of Catania have discovered a 3500-year-old ritual table with the ceramic tableware still in...

Archaeologists unearth 4,000-year-old temple complex

Archaeologists from the University of Siena have unearthed a 4,000-year-old temple complex on Cyprus.

Rare cherubs made by master mason discovered at Visegrád Castle

A pair of cherubs made by the Renaissance master, Benedetto da Maiano, have been discovered in the grounds of Visegrád Castle.

Archaeologists discover ornately decorated Tang Dynasty tomb

Archaeologists have discovered an ornately decorated tomb from the Tang Dynasty (AD 618-907) during excavations in China’s Shanxi Province.

Archaeologists map the lost town of Rungholt

Rungholt was a medieval town in North Frisia, that according to local legend, was engulfed by the sea during the Saint Marcellus's flood in 1362.