Ravenser Odd – The Lost Town That Sank Beneath the Sea

Ravenser Odd, also called Ravensrodd, was a port town in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England on the sandbanks of the Spurn heritage coast in the Humber estuary.

The town’s name probably stems from Ravenser, ‘Hrafn’s Eyr’ or ‘Hrafn’s Sandbank’, which is mentioned several times in the Icelandic sagas. It has been proposed that the area was used as an embarkation point for the Norwegian Armies of Harold Hardrada that were defeated at the Battle of Stamford Bridge in 1066.

- Advertisement -

The name of Ravenser was also applied to a small nearby rural settlement, possibly of Danish origin, that was located near the base of the headland.

Most of what we know about Ravenser Odd comes from contemporary sources, from the Chronicle of Meaux Abbey which documents reports of inquisitions and grants, and the awarding of a Royal charter granting a market and annual fair.

The town was founded around AD 1235, as inferred from jury statement during an inquisition held in 1276 which said: “forty years and more ago, the casting up of the sea caused stones and sand to accumulate, and on them, the Earl of Aumale began to build a certain town which is called Ravenserodd, and it is an island, the sea surrounds it.”

Over the centuries Ravenser Odd became a town of national importance, with a bustling seaport containing wharves, warehouses, custom sheds, a tanhouse, windmills, a court, prison, and collected dues from over 100 merchant ships every year.

- Advertisement -

What led to Ravenser Odd’s success was through the act of forestalling, where ships would be forced or persuaded to land at the port, rather than take their cargo to the intended ports of Grimsby or Kingston upon Hull.

By 1340, the fortunes of the town began to decline due to coastal erosion. A Royal inquisition held in 1346 documented that two thirds of Ravenser Odd had been lost to the sea, and an account by a chronicler of Meaux Abbey wrote “At that time the chapel of Ravenser…. and the majority of the buildings of the whole town of Ravenser, by the inundations of the sea and the Humber increasing more than usual, were almost completely destroyed.”

Contemporary accounts record an almost Armageddon image of looting, devastation, and a mass exodus of the town’s merchants to Hull situated further up the Humber. By 1356-57, the town had become completely flooded, and by 1362 had succumbed to the sea during the Grote Mandrenke storm (also known as Saint Marcellus’s flood).

- Advertisement -
Mark Milligan
Mark Milligan
Mark Milligan is multi-award-winning journalist and the Managing Editor at HeritageDaily. His background is in archaeology and computer science, having written over 7,500 articles across several online publications. Mark is a member of the Association of British Science Writers (ABSW), the World Federation of Science Journalists, and in 2023 was the recipient of the British Citizen Award for Education, the BCA Medal of Honour, and the UK Prime Minister's Points of Light Award.

Mobile Application


Related Articles

Archaeologists find ancient papyri with correspondence made by Roman centurions

Archaeologists from the University of Wrocław have uncovered ancient papyri that contains the correspondence of Roman centurions who were stationed in Egypt.

Study indicates that Firth promontory could be an ancient crannog

A study by students from the University of the Highlands and Islands has revealed that a promontory in the Loch of Wasdale in Firth, Orkney, could be the remains of an ancient crannog.

Archaeologists identify the original sarcophagus of Ramesses II

Archaeologists from Sorbonne University have identified the original sarcophagus of Ramesses II, otherwise known as Ramesses the Great.

Archaeologists find missing head of Deva from the Victory Gate of Angkor Thom

Archaeologists from Cambodia’s national heritage authority (APSARA) have discovered the long-lost missing head of a Deva statue from the Victory Gate of Angkor Thom.

Archaeologists search crash site of WWII B-17 for lost pilot

Archaeologists from Cotswold Archaeology are excavating the crash site of a WWII B-17 Flying Fortress in an English woodland.

Roman Era tomb found guarded by carved bull heads

Archaeologists excavating at the ancient Tharsa necropolis have uncovered a Roman Era tomb guarded by two carved bull heads.

Revolutionary war barracks discovered at Colonial Williamsburg

Archaeologists excavating at Colonial Williamsburg have discovered a barracks for soldiers of the Continental Army during the American War of Independence.

Pleistocene hunter-gatherers settled in Cyprus thousands of years earlier than previously thought

Archaeologists have found that Pleistocene hunter-gatherers settled in Cyprus thousands of years earlier than previously thought.