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Highway construction delayed following Bronze Age discoveries

Excavations in preparation for the S1 Expressway have delayed road construction following the discovery of two Bronze Age settlements.

In a press statement announced by the General Directorate for National Roads and Motorways (GDDKiA), archaeologists uncovered the settlements near the village of Jawiszowice in Poland’s Oświęcim County.

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According to the researchers, fragments of clay vessels and flints found in situ suggest that one of the settlements is associated with the Lusatian culture, a Bronze Age/Early Iron Age people from 1100 to 400 BC who inhabited what is now Poland, and parts of the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Germany, and Ukraine.

Jawiszowice 6 stand – Image Credit : GDDKiA

Excavations of the settlement (designated Jawiszowice 5 stand) have revealed traces of post holes and several agricultural structures, including a series of storage pits used as cellars for storing basic crops.

Located only a few hundred metres away is an earlier settlement (designated Jawiszowice 6 stand) that is associated with the Mierzanowice culture, an Early Bronze Age people from 2300 to 1800 BC that inhabited parts of Slovakia and Poland.

Settlements of the Mierzanowice culture are mostly represented by small seasonal camps, however, archaeologists found further traces of permanent structures within the settlement, in addition to storage pits, a ditch, and 34 flint artefacts that include an “intricate arrowhead” made from Jurassic flint.

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According to the GDDKiA: “Due to the archaeological discoveries the contractor was obliged to suspend work in this part of the construction site and found it justified to extend the time to complete the investment of the S1 Expressway by 223 calendar days.”
The S1 Expressway expected completion date has now been postponed from July 2024 to June 2025 until excavations have fully documented both sites.

Header Image Credit : GDDKiA

Sources : GDDKiA

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Mark Milligan
Mark Milligan
Mark Milligan is multi-award-winning journalist and the Managing Editor at HeritageDaily. His background is in archaeology and computer science, having written over 7,500 articles across several online publications. Mark is a member of the Association of British Science Writers (ABSW), the World Federation of Science Journalists, and in 2023 was the recipient of the British Citizen Award for Education, the BCA Medal of Honour, and the UK Prime Minister's Points of Light Award.
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