Highway construction delayed following Bronze Age discoveries

Excavations in preparation for the S1 Expressway have delayed road construction following the discovery of two Bronze Age settlements.

In a press statement announced by the General Directorate for National Roads and Motorways (GDDKiA), archaeologists uncovered the settlements near the village of Jawiszowice in Poland’s Oświęcim County.

- Advertisement -

According to the researchers, fragments of clay vessels and flints found in situ suggest that one of the settlements is associated with the Lusatian culture, a Bronze Age/Early Iron Age people from 1100 to 400 BC who inhabited what is now Poland, and parts of the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Germany, and Ukraine.

Jawiszowice 6 stand – Image Credit : GDDKiA

Excavations of the settlement (designated Jawiszowice 5 stand) have revealed traces of post holes and several agricultural structures, including a series of storage pits used as cellars for storing basic crops.

Located only a few hundred metres away is an earlier settlement (designated Jawiszowice 6 stand) that is associated with the Mierzanowice culture, an Early Bronze Age people from 2300 to 1800 BC that inhabited parts of Slovakia and Poland.

Settlements of the Mierzanowice culture are mostly represented by small seasonal camps, however, archaeologists found further traces of permanent structures within the settlement, in addition to storage pits, a ditch, and 34 flint artefacts that include an “intricate arrowhead” made from Jurassic flint.

- Advertisement -

According to the GDDKiA: “Due to the archaeological discoveries the contractor was obliged to suspend work in this part of the construction site and found it justified to extend the time to complete the investment of the S1 Expressway by 223 calendar days.”
The S1 Expressway expected completion date has now been postponed from July 2024 to June 2025 until excavations have fully documented both sites.

Header Image Credit : GDDKiA

Sources : GDDKiA

- Advertisement -
Mark Milligan
Mark Milligan
Mark Milligan is multi-award-winning journalist and the Managing Editor at HeritageDaily. His background is in archaeology and computer science, having written over 7,500 articles across several online publications. Mark is a member of the Association of British Science Writers (ABSW), the World Federation of Science Journalists, and in 2023 was the recipient of the British Citizen Award for Education, the BCA Medal of Honour, and the UK Prime Minister's Points of Light Award.

Mobile Application


Related Articles

Excavation uncovers traces of the first bishop’s palace at Merseburg Cathedral Hill

Archaeologists from the State Office for Monument Preservation and Archaeology (LDA) Saxony-Anhalt have uncovered traces of the first bishop’s palace at the southern end of the Merseburg Cathedral Hill in Merseburg, Germany.

BU archaeologists uncover Iron Age victim of human sacrifice

Archaeologists from Bournemouth University have uncovered an Iron Age victim of human sacrifice in Dorset, England.

Archaeologists find ancient papyri with correspondence made by Roman centurions

Archaeologists from the University of Wrocław have uncovered ancient papyri that contains the correspondence of Roman centurions who were stationed in Egypt.

Study indicates that Firth promontory could be an ancient crannog

A study by students from the University of the Highlands and Islands has revealed that a promontory in the Loch of Wasdale in Firth, Orkney, could be the remains of an ancient crannog.

Archaeologists identify the original sarcophagus of Ramesses II

Archaeologists from Sorbonne University have identified the original sarcophagus of Ramesses II, otherwise known as Ramesses the Great.

Archaeologists find missing head of Deva from the Victory Gate of Angkor Thom

Archaeologists from Cambodia’s national heritage authority (APSARA) have discovered the long-lost missing head of a Deva statue from the Victory Gate of Angkor Thom.

Archaeologists search crash site of WWII B-17 for lost pilot

Archaeologists from Cotswold Archaeology are excavating the crash site of a WWII B-17 Flying Fortress in an English woodland.

Roman Era tomb found guarded by carved bull heads

Archaeologists excavating at the ancient Tharsa necropolis have uncovered a Roman Era tomb guarded by two carved bull heads.