Date:

Maya sacrificial victim discovered with jade ring

Archaeologists from the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) have uncovered a Maya burial containing the remains of a human sacrifice with a jade ring.

The discovery was made during excavations in the Maya city of El Tigre, also known as Itzamkanac (meaning “the place of the lizard serpent”), which is located in the Mexican state of Cameche near the Rio Candelaria.

El Tigre was first inhabited during the Middle Preclassic (600 – 300 BC) until around AD 1557 following the Spanish conquest. The city served as the polity of the Acalán Maya, a subgroup of the Chontal Maya or the Putún Maya.

According to some historians, El Tigre was the location where Cuauhtémoc, the last free ruler of the Aztec Empire, was executed on the orders of Hernán Cortés.

- Advertisement -
Image Credit : INAH Campeche

Recent excavations at platform 1E, located to the west of the main pyramid temple, have revealed the remains of a human funerary offering placed in a ceramic vessel as part of a ritual deposit alongside other large vessels and ceramic bowls.

An examination of the skeleton indicates that it was a young adolescent placed in a flexed position, who was sacrificed and buried sometime during the Late Classic Period (AD 600 – 800) while still wearing a jade ring.

Jade was a rare and valued material in pre-Columbian Mesoamerica. This meant that Jade was largely an elite good and highly symbolic beyond its material worth. Jade was associated with the sun and the wind, but it was also symbolically associated with life and death, and therefore possessed high religious and spiritual importance during ceremonies.

Excavations at El Tigre were conducted as part of the Mayan Train Project for the Improvement of Archaeological Zones by the Ministry of Culture of the Government of Mexico.

INAH

Header Image Credit : INAH Campeche

- Advertisement -

Mobile Application

spot_img

Related Articles

Ring discovery suggests a previously unknown princely family in Southwest Jutland

A ring discovered in Southwest Jutland, Denmark, suggests a previously unknown princely family who had strong connections with the rulers of France.

Submerged evidence of rice cultivation and slavery found in North Carolina

Researchers from the University of North Carolina Wilmington (UNCW) are using side-scan sonar and positioning systems to find evidence of rice cultivation and slavery beneath the depths of North Carolina’s lower Cape Fear and Brunswick rivers.

Study reveals oldest and longest example of Vasconic script

A new study of the 2100-year-old Hand of Irulegi has revealed the oldest and longest example of Vasconic script.

Archaeologists excavate the marginalised community of Vaakunakylä

Archaeologists have excavated the marginalised community of Vaakunakylä, a former Nazi barracks occupied by homeless Finns following the end of WW2.

Archaeologists find 4,000-year-old cobra-shaped ceramic handle

A team of archaeologists from National Tsing Hua University in Taiwan have uncovered a 4,000-year-old cobra-shaped ceramic handle in the Guanyin District of Taoyuan City.

Traces of Khan al-Tujjar caravanserais found at foot of Mount Tabor

During excavations near Beit Keshet in Lower Galilee, Israel, archaeologists from the Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA) have uncovered traces of a market within the historic Khan al-Tujjar caravanserais.

Traces of marketplace from Viking Age found on Klosterøy

Archaeologists from the University of Stavanger have announced the possible discovery of a Viking Age marketplace on the island of Klosterøy in southwestern Norway.

Fragments of Qin and Han Dynasty bamboo slips found in ancient well

Archaeologists have uncovered over 200 fragments of bamboo slips from the Qin and Han Dynasty during excavations in Changsha, China.