New findings at Temple of Khnum in Egypt

Archaeologists from an Egyptian archaeological mission, excavating at the Temple of Khnum in Esna, Egypt, have uncovered new remains from different historical periods.

In antiquity, Esna was known as Iunyt or Ta-seny by the Ancient Egyptians, renamed to
Latopolis by the Greeks. New Kingdom, Kushite, and Saite structures existed on the site, but only the Temple of Khnum survives today.

- Advertisement -

The temple naos was built by Ptolemy V and decorated by Ptolemy VI, Cleopatra II, and Ptolemy VIII during the Ptolemaic-era, while the vestibule at the front of the temple was built by the Romans.

The Temple is dedicated to Khnum (originally deified as the god of the source of the Nile), along with his consorts, Menhit and Nebtu, their son, Heka, and the goddess Neith. The inscriptions in the temple include a festival calendar, an astronomical ceiling, religious hymns, and cryptographic texts based on crocodile and ram figures.

Image Credit : Ministry of Tourism & Antiquities

Excavations commissioned by the Supreme Council for Archaeology revealed a Ptolemaic-era building, a Roman bathhouse, and various artifacts behind the main temple structure.

The building contains several rooms, constructed using sandstone, which was an extension of the earliest parts of the temple, in addition to remains of a circular brick building and the foundations of another structure with adobe walls, and remnants of small columns forming a gate or entrance.

- Advertisement -

On the north side of the excavations, archaeologists uncovered a Roman bathhouse, which was fed by water that flowed through channels into the basins. The structure also contained a hypocaust, a Roman central heating system that produces and circulates hot air below the floor of a room.

Ministry of Tourism & Antiquities

Header Image Credit : Ministry of Tourism & Antiquities

- Advertisement -
Mark Milligan
Mark Milligan
Mark Milligan is multi-award-winning journalist and the Managing Editor at HeritageDaily. His background is in archaeology and computer science, having written over 7,500 articles across several online publications. Mark is a member of the Association of British Science Writers (ABSW), the World Federation of Science Journalists, and in 2023 was the recipient of the British Citizen Award for Education, the BCA Medal of Honour, and the UK Prime Minister's Points of Light Award.

Mobile Application


Related Articles

Archaeologists uncover 4,200-year-old “zombie grave”

Archaeologists from the State Office for Monument Preservation and Archaeology Saxony-Anhalt have uncovered a "zombie grave" during excavations near Oppin, Germany.

Archaeologists uncover 2,000-year-old clay token used by pilgrims

A clay token unearthed by the Temple Mount Sifting Project, is believed to have served pilgrims exchanging offerings during the Passover festival 2,000-years-ago.

Moon may have influenced Stonehenge construction

A study by a team of archaeoastronomers are investigating the possible connection of the moon in influencing the Stonehenge builders.

Archaeologists explore the resettlement history of the Iron-Age metropolis of Tel Hazor

Archaeologists are conducting a study of the Iron-Age metropolis of Tel Hazor to understand how one of the largest “megacities” of the Bronze Age was abandoned and then resettled.

Excavation uncovers possible traces of Villa Augustus at Somma Vesuviana

Archaeologists from the University of Tokyo have uncovered further evidence of the Villa of Augustus during excavations at Somma Vesuviana.

Study reveals new insights into wreck of royal flagship Gribshunden

Underwater archaeologists from Södertörn University, in collaboration with the CEMAS/Institute for Archaeology and Ancient Culture at Stockholm University, have conducted an investigation of the wreck of the royal flagship Gribshunden.

Microbe X-32 – Is the Plasticene Era coming to an end?

Breaking, a new venture in collaboration with Harvard and the Wyss Institute, is claiming that a new discovery, Microbe X-32, can naturally break down polyolefins, polyesters, and polyamides in just 22 months.

Stone sphere among artefacts repatriated to Costa Rica

395 pre-Columbian artefacts have been repatriated to Costa Rica thanks to a grant by the United States Embassy to the Cultural Agreements Fund.