Date:

The Mozu Kofungun Keyhole Burial Mounds

The Mozu Kofungun burial mounds are a cluster of keyhole shaped tomb complexes that were constructed during the Kofun period in present-day Sakai, located in the Osaka Prefecture of Japan.

The Kofun period lasted from AD 300 to 538 and was named after the Kofun burial practice of constructing enormous funerary mound enclosures for members of the ruling class.

- Advertisement -

The tradition of constructing Kofun tombs started during the late 3rd century AD, with the most common form being known as a “zenpō-kōen-fun”, which are distinctively shaped like a keyhole, having one trapezoid end and one circular end mound.

Many Kofun measure several hundred metres across with a surrounding moat, and were protected by terracotta figurines known as haniwa, to substitute real world objects and display the wealth and status of the individual interred.

Hase Nisanzai Kurfon – IImage Credit : Google Earth – Map data ©2021 Google

In the centre of the mounds circular feature was the funerary chamber, a stone-lined group of megaliths where the deceased was placed inside a wooden coffin, alongside iron made objects such as arrowheads and swords, and gilded bronze objects such as horse tacks and sash buckles.

The Mozu complex used to contain over 100 tombs of various size and form, but due to the rapid development of residential land in Sakai after World War II, more than half of the tombs were destroyed.

- Advertisement -

Of the 40 tombs that survive, the most notable are the burial complexes that the Imperial Household Agency (IHA) associates with the “legendary Emperors” of the 5th century, Emperor Nintoku and Emperor Richū.

Richu-Tenno-Ryo Kofun – Image Credit : Google Earth – Map data ©2021 Google

The largest is Emperor Nintoku’s Kofun known as the Daisenryo Kofun, in which the mound measures around 500 metres in length, enclosed by three moats and an 840-metre-long outer fortification, and covers an area twice as long as the base of the Great Pyramid of the Pharaoh Khufu (Cheops) in Giza.

According to the IHA, the tombs are more than a mere repository for historical artifacts; they are sacred religious sites. IHA construes each of the Imperial grave sites as sanctuaries for the spirits of the ancestors of the Imperial House, and maintains the Imperial Kofun as protected monuments off-limit from the general public.

Header Image : Daisenryo Kofun – Image Credit : National Land Image Information (Color Aerial Photographs), Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism – GFDL License

- Advertisement -
spot_img
Mark Milligan
Mark Milligan
Mark Milligan is multi-award-winning journalist and the Managing Editor at HeritageDaily. His background is in archaeology and computer science, having written over 7,500 articles across several online publications. Mark is a member of the Association of British Science Writers (ABSW), the World Federation of Science Journalists, and in 2023 was the recipient of the British Citizen Award for Education, the BCA Medal of Honour, and the UK Prime Minister's Points of Light Award.
spot_img

Mobile Application

spot_img

Related Articles

Revolutionary war barracks discovered at Colonial Williamsburg

Archaeologists excavating at Colonial Williamsburg have discovered a barracks for soldiers of the Continental Army during the American War of Independence.

Pleistocene hunter-gatherers settled in Cyprus thousands of years earlier than previously thought

Archaeologists have found that Pleistocene hunter-gatherers settled in Cyprus thousands of years earlier than previously thought.

Groundbreaking study reveals new insights into chosen locations of pyramids’ sites

A groundbreaking study, published in the journal Communications Earth & Environment, has revealed why the largest concentration of pyramids in Egypt were built along a narrow desert strip.

Soldiers’ graffiti depicting hangings found on door at Dover Castle

Conservation of a Georgian door at Dover Castle has revealed etchings depicting hangings and graffiti from time of French Revolution.

Archaeologists find Roman villa with ornate indoor plunge pool

Archaeologists from the National Institute of Cultural Heritage have uncovered a Roman villa with an indoor plunge pool during excavations at the port city of Durrës, Albania.

Archaeologists excavate medieval timber hall

Archaeologists from the University of York have returned to Skipsea in East Yorkshire, England, to excavate the remains of a medieval timber hall.

Archaeologists find traces of Gloucester’s medieval castle

Archaeologists from Cotswold Archaeology have uncovered traces of Gloucester’s medieval castle in Gloucester, England.

Treasure hoard associated with hermit conman found in Świętokrzyskie Mountains

A treasure hoard associated with Antoni Jaczewiczar, a notorious hermit, conman, and false prophet, has been discovered in the Świętokrzyskie Mountains in south-central Poland.