10 Ukrainian Castles

Related Articles

Related Articles

Ukraine is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe that was once a key centre of East Slavic culture within the federation of ‘Kievan Rus’ – forming some of the basis of Ukrainian identity.

From the 13th century, the territory was widely contested and fought over between Lithuania, Poland, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire and Russia. A Cossack republic emerged and prospered during the 17th and 18th centuries, but its territory was eventually split between Poland and the Russian Empire, merging with the Soviet Union until its eventual collapse. This variety of cultures is presented in the rich architectural history and diversity of castles across Ukraine today.

1 – Lutsk Castle 


Lutsk Castle, also known as Lubart’s Castle is a 14th-century fortress located in Lutsk, Ukraine. The castle is famed for repelled sieges by numerous potentates, including Casimir the Great (1349), Jogaila (1431), and Sigismund Kęstutaitis (1436). It was there that the Lutsk Conference of 1429 took place, attended by Emperor Sigismund, Vasily II of Moscow, Jogaila, Vytautas the Great, and the voivode of Wallachia.

Lutsk Castle – Image Credit : Сергій Криниця (Haidamac)

Lutsk Castle – Image Credit: Юрій Кепа

2 – Svirzh Castle

Svirzh Castle is a large fortified mansion built in the 15th century by the Świrski family. Located in Svirzh, Lviv Oblast region of Ukraine, the castle was rebuilt in the 17th century at the behest of its new owner, Count Aleksander Cetner. The castle has been subject to several attacks by Cossacks and Turks, before being left to ruin until more recent restorations.

Svirz Castle – Image Credit: Iryna Zhyzhyrii

Svirz Castle – Image Credit : Neovitaha777

3 – Khotyn Fortress

Khotyn Fortress is located on the banks of the Dniester River in the city of Khotyn in western Ukraine. The present fortress was constructed in 1325 by Prince Danylo of Halych and his son Lev, but a castle has stood on the site since the 10th century.

From 1340 to present day, the Khotyn Fortress has been vastly expanded due to invasions by the Maldavians, the Turks, Polish Lithuanian Commonwealth, Zaporozhian Cossacks, Russian, Romania and the Axis forces of World War 2.

Khotyn Fortress – Image Credit : Folkerman

Khotyn Fortress – Image Credit : Wadco2

4 – Chervonohorod Castle

Chervonohorod Castle was the seat of the Danilowicz magnate family, located in the ruins of Chervonhorod in the Ternopil Oblast area of Ukraine. The name Chervonohorod or Chervone literally means “red town” and was the regions chartered administrative centre since 1434.

The present castle was built in the early 17th century, but by 1820 saw a phase of demolition and renovation by the Poninky family who turned Chervonohord into an opulent palace.

Chervonohorod Castle – Image Credit : Віктор Полянко

Chervonohorod Castle – Image Credit : Віктор Полянко

5 – Kamianets-Podilskyi Castle

Kamianets-Podilskyi Castle is a large fortress located in the city of Kamianets-Podilskyi, Ukraine. The castle was constructed around the 14th century to defend a bridge crossing between the city and mainland.

Kamianets-Podilskyi Castle was subject to multiple sieges and invasion over the centuries, this is evident in the multi-cultural architecture and influence on the buildings that stand within the castle today.

Kamieniec-Podolski Castle – Image Credit : Håkan Henriksson

Kamieniec-Podolski Castle – Image Credit : Håkan Henriksson

6 – Pidhirtsi Castle 

Pidhirtsi Castle is a fortified residence located in the village of Pidhirtsi in Lviv Oblast region of Ukraine. The present castle was built by Guillaume Le Vasseur de Beauplan between 1635–1640 by order of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth’s Grand Crown Hetman Stanisław Koniecpolski on the site of an earlier fortress.

In its heyday under Jakub Ludwik Sobieski, the castle was richly furnished, with several halls, a library and ornately landscaped gardens and parks. After successive occupations by Russians and the Austrian-Hungarian Empire, the castle was almost completely burnt down in 1956.

Pidhirtsi Castle – Image Credit : Ilnytskyi Roman

Pidhirtsi Castle – Image Credit : Haidamac

7 – Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi Fortress

Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi Fortress, also known locally as Akkerman Fortress is a 13-14th-century castle located in the Odessa region of south-western Ukraine. The fortress was constructed on the remains of the ancient Greek city of Tyras that overlooked the Black Sea

During the 15th century, Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi was subject to repeated sieges by armies of the Ottoman Empire and Zaporozhye`s Cossacks, before eventually falling under Turkish control that led to a massive period of expanding the castle’s defences.

Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi Fortress – Image Credit : Alexey M.

Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi Fortress – Image Credit : Alexey M.

8 – Medzhybizh Fortress

Medzhybizh Castle was built as a bulwark against Ottoman expansion in the 1540s and became one of the strongest fortresses of the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland in Podolia. It is situated at the confluence of the Southern Bug and Buzhenka rivers, in the town of Medzhybizh  Ukraine.

Medzhybizh Fortress – Image Credit : Zysko serhii

Medzhybizh Fortress – Image Credit : Posterrr

9 -Palanok Castle

Palanok Castle is a large hill-top fortress in the city of Mukacheve in western Ukraine. Construction began in the 14th century by nobles from the Kingdom of Hungary on a 68-metre tall volcanic hill.

Through the centuries, the castle served as a residence to many notable people: the Koriatovych family for almost 200 years, the Serbian prince Đurađ Branković, Regent of Hungary János Hunyadi, and the wife of a Hungarian king, Laiosh Maria.

Palanok Castle – Image Credit : Baloha

Palanok Castle – Image Credit: Adam Jones

10 – Kudryntsi Castle

Kudryntsi Castle is an early 17th-century castle built on a hilltop overlooking the Zbruch River in the Borschiv Raion (region) of Ukraine.

Shortly after construction, the castle was subjected to repeated sieges by the Cossacks and the Turks, until eventually being abandoned and left to ruin some time in the 19th century.

Kudryntsi Castle – Image Credit: Rbrechko

Kudryntsi Castle – Image Credit: Roman Zimovets

Header Image – Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi Fortress – Image Credit : Alexey M.

Download the HeritageDaily mobile application on iOS and Android

More on this topic


The Varangian Guard – When Vikings Served the Eastern Roman Empire

The Varangian Guard was an elite unit that served as the personal bodyguards for the emperors of the Byzantine Empire (Eastern Roman Empire).

Walking, Talking and Showing Off – a History of Roman Gardens

In ancient Rome, you could tell a lot about a person from the look of their garden. Ancient gardens were spaces used for many activities, such as dining, intellectual practice, and religious rituals.

Curious Kids: How did the First Person Evolve?

We know humans haven’t always been around. After all, we wouldn’t have survived alongside meat-eating dinosaurs like Tyrannosaurus rex.

Ring-like Structure on Ganymede May Have Been Caused by a Violent Impact

Researchers from Kobe University and the National Institute of Technology, Oshima College have conducted a detailed reanalysis of image data from Voyager 1, 2 and Galileo spacecraft in order to investigate the orientation and distribution of the ancient tectonic troughs found on Jupiter’s moon Ganymede.

Tracing Evolution From Embryo to Baby Star

Astronomers using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) took a census of stellar eggs in the constellation Taurus and revealed their evolution state.

“Woodhenge” Discovered in the Iberian Peninsula

Archaeologists conducting research in the Perdigões complex in the Évora district of the Iberian Peninsula has uncovered a “Woodhenge” monument.

New Fossil Discovery Shows How Ancient ‘Hell Ants’ Hunted With Headgear

Researchers from New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT), Chinese Academy of Sciences and University of Rennes in France have unveiled a stunning 99-million-year-old fossil pristinely preserving an enigmatic insect predator from the Cretaceous Period -- a 'hell ant' (haidomyrmecine) -- as it embraced its unsuspecting final victim, an extinct relative of the cockroach known as Caputoraptor elegans.

New Algorithm Suggests That Early Humans and Related Species Interbred Early and Often

A new analysis of ancient genomes suggests that different branches of the human family tree interbred multiple times, and that some humans carry DNA from an archaic, unknown ancestor.

Popular stories

Port Royal – The Sodom of the New World

Port Royal, originally named Cagway was an English harbour town and base of operations for buccaneers and privateers (pirates) until the great earthquake of 1692.

Matthew Hopkins – The Real Witch-Hunter

Matthew Hopkins was an infamous witch-hunter during the 17th century, who published “The Discovery of Witches” in 1647, and whose witch-hunting methods were applied during the notorious Salem Witch Trials in colonial Massachusetts.

Did Corn Fuel Cahokia’s Rise?

A new study suggests that corn was the staple subsistence crop that allowed the pre-Columbian city of Cahokia to rise to prominence and flourish for nearly 300 years.

The Real Dracula?

“Dracula”, published in 1897 by the Irish Author Bram Stoker, introduced audiences to the infamous Count and his dark world of sired vampiric minions.