Date:

Archaeologists uncover structure linked to the cult of Kukulcán

Archaeologists conducting excavations at Itzamkanac, also known as El Tigre, have uncovered a structure linked to the cult of Kukulcán.

Itzamkanac was the capital of the Acalán Maya, located in the Yucatán Peninsula in the Mexican state of Campeche. The early centre of the city dates from the late Maya Preclassic period, while the majority of structures standing today were constructed during the early Classic period.

- Advertisement -

In the year 1525, Hernán Cortés briefly visited the city during his expedition to Honduras, aimed at quelling the rebellion led by Cristóbal de Olid. Spanish chroniclers at the time record that the city was divided into four districts and had a population of approximately 4,000 inhabitants.

Excavations conducted by the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) have explored a circular structure which dates from between AD 1000-1200. According to the researchers, the structure is linked to the cult of Kukulcán, related to the Aztec wind god, Quetzalcóatl.

The Kukulkan/Quetzalcoatl cult marked a significant departure from the traditional linguistic and ethnic boundaries of the Mesoamerican world during the Classic Period. This religious movement played a pivotal role in fostering communication and harmonious trade among diverse groups with varying social and ethnic backgrounds.

While its origins were rooted in the ancient city of Chichen Itza, situated in the present-day Mexican state of Yucatán, it extended its influence as far as the Guatemalan Highlands and northern Belize.

- Advertisement -

In the Paxbolón Maldonado Papers, it is mentioned Itzamkanac had temples dedicated to the four main deities of the Postclassic Maya, one of them being Kukulcán.

According to the researchers, the structure corresponds with the period recorded in historical text, a time when Itzamkanac had ties with other regions of Mesoamerica, such as central Mexico, Oaxaca and the Gulf Coast.

INAH

Header Image Credit : HJPD – GNU License

- Advertisement -
spot_img
Mark Milligan
Mark Milligan
Mark Milligan is multi-award-winning journalist and the Managing Editor at HeritageDaily. His background is in archaeology and computer science, having written over 8,000 articles across several online publications. Mark is a member of the Association of British Science Writers (ABSW), the World Federation of Science Journalists, and in 2023 was the recipient of the British Citizen Award for Education, the BCA Medal of Honour, and the UK Prime Minister's Points of Light Award.
spot_img

Mobile Application

spot_img

Related Articles

Dragon sculpture found on the Jiankou section of the Great Wall of China

Archaeologists conducting restoration works on the Jiankou section of the Great Wall of China have discovered an ornate dragon sculpture.

Waters at Roman Bath may have super healing properties

A new study, published in the Microbe journal, has uncovered a diverse array of microorganisms in the geothermal waters at Roman Bath that may have super healing properties.

9,000-year-old Neolithic stone mask unveiled

A rare stone mask from the Neolithic period has been unveiled for the first time by the Israel Museum in Jerusalem.

Archaeologists recover two medieval grave slabs from submerged shipwreck

Underwater archaeologists from Bournemouth University have recovered two medieval grave slabs from a shipwreck off the coast of Dorset, England.

Study confirms palace of King Ghezo was site of voodoo blood rituals

A study, published in the journal Proteomics, presents new evidence to suggest that voodoo blood rituals were performed at the palace of King Ghezo.

Archaeologists search for home of infamous Tower of London prisoner

A team of archaeologists are searching for the home of Sir Arthur Haselrig, a leader of the Parliamentary opposition to Charles I, and whose attempted arrest sparked the English Civil War.

Tartessian plaque depicting warrior scenes found near Guareña

Archaeologists from the Institute of Archaeology of Mérida (IAM) and the CSIC have uncovered a slate plaque depicting warrior scenes at the Casas del Turuñuelo archaeological site.

Archaeologists find a necropolis of stillborn babies

Excavations by the National Institute for Preventive Archaeological Research (Inrap) have unearthed a necropolis for stillborn and young children in the historic centre of Auxerre, France.