Spectator snacks from Roman period found in Colosseum

Archaeologists have uncovered a selection of spectator snacks from the Roman period during excavations at the Colosseum in Rome, Italy.

The Colosseum is one of the most iconic buildings from the Roman Period, a giant oval amphitheatre that could hold an average audience of some 65,000 spectators.

- Advertisement -

Construction began during the reign of Emperor Vespasian (AD 69-79), and was completed by his son and successor, Titus, in AD 80. The building was mainly used for public spectacles, including animal hunts, executions, enactments of famous battles (sometimes mock sea battles), dramas based on Roman mythology, and of course, gladiatorial contests.

Following the collapse of the Roman Empire, the Colosseum was abandoned and quarried by stone robbers taking spolia. The building was re-purposed during the late 6th century AD when a small chapel was built into the structure of the amphitheatre and later converted into a cemetery.

In the following centuries, the monument was turned into a shopping and residential complex, converted into a fort to control the approaches to the Lateran Palace and the papal residence, and became a den for bandits following the decline in Rome’s population in the mid-14th century.

Since January 2021, a study has been conducted to clear around 70 metres of ancient drains and sewers beneath the giant structure.

- Advertisement -

The researchers (consisting of specialist architects and archaeologists), used wire-guided robots to explore the arena’s complex drainage system, revealing a variety of 1900-year-old ancient snacks consumed by spectators.

The team found food fragments of figs, grapes, cherries, blackberries and walnuts, as well as the bones of bears and big cats, probably the remains of animals used in hunts or forced to fight each other for entertainment.

Archaeologists also uncovered 50 bronze coins spanning roughly AD 250-450 during the late Roman period, in addition to a silver coin from AD 170-171 from the reign of Emperor Marcus Aurelius.

Header Image Credit : Viacheslav Lopatin – Shutterstock (Under Copyright)


- Advertisement -
Mark Milligan
Mark Milligan
Mark Milligan is multi-award-winning journalist and the Managing Editor at HeritageDaily. His background is in archaeology and computer science, having written over 8,000 articles across several online publications. Mark is a member of the Association of British Science Writers (ABSW), the World Federation of Science Journalists, and in 2023 was the recipient of the British Citizen Award for Education, the BCA Medal of Honour, and the UK Prime Minister's Points of Light Award.

Mobile Application


Related Articles

Labyrinthine structure discovered from the Minoan civilisation

Archaeologists have discovered a monumental labyrinthine structure on the summit of Papoura Hill in Crete.

Dragon sculpture found on the Jiankou section of the Great Wall of China

Archaeologists conducting restoration works on the Jiankou section of the Great Wall of China have discovered an ornate dragon sculpture.

Waters at Roman Bath may have super healing properties

A new study, published in the Microbe journal, has uncovered a diverse array of microorganisms in the geothermal waters at Roman Bath that may have super healing properties.

9,000-year-old Neolithic stone mask unveiled

A rare stone mask from the Neolithic period has been unveiled for the first time by the Israel Museum in Jerusalem.

Archaeologists recover two medieval grave slabs from submerged shipwreck

Underwater archaeologists from Bournemouth University have recovered two medieval grave slabs from a shipwreck off the coast of Dorset, England.

Study confirms palace of King Ghezo was site of voodoo blood rituals

A study, published in the journal Proteomics, presents new evidence to suggest that voodoo blood rituals were performed at the palace of King Ghezo.

Archaeologists search for home of infamous Tower of London prisoner

A team of archaeologists are searching for the home of Sir Arthur Haselrig, a leader of the Parliamentary opposition to Charles I, and whose attempted arrest sparked the English Civil War.

Tartessian plaque depicting warrior scenes found near Guareña

Archaeologists from the Institute of Archaeology of Mérida (IAM) and the CSIC have uncovered a slate plaque depicting warrior scenes at the Casas del Turuñuelo archaeological site.