Date:

Archaeologists uncover pearls and decorated beads in Norse settlement

Archaeologists from Antikva have uncovered pearls and decorated beads in a Norse settlement on the northern side of Seyðisfjörður, Iceland.

The early settlement of Iceland is generally believed to have begun in the second half of the 9th century AD. The reasons for the migration are uncertain, but later in the Middle Ages Icelanders themselves tended to cite civil strife or a shortage of arable land as the cause.

- Advertisement -

Antikva archaeologists found a farmstead that dates from the 10th century AD, with structures ranging from AD 940 to 1100, and later additions in AD 1160 to 1300.

Landslides deposited material on parts of the site during the 11th century AD, preserving much of the underlying archaeology and organic material. The site was further buried in ashfall from an eruption of the Öræfajökull volcano in AD 1362, an ice-covered volcano that the Norse settlers called Knappafellsjǫkull.

bead2
Image Credit : Antikva

The area has been part of an ongoing study by Antikva with support from the Norwegian Institute for Cultural Heritage Research (NIKU), where previous excavations have found four burial mounds.

The latest archaeological research is focused on an area where the Landnåmsboka, a 12th century text, describes Bjólfur from Voss in Norway establishing one of the first settlements in the region.

- Advertisement -

The team have uncovered pearls and jewellery, with a 10th or 11th century pearl being decorated with what appears to be the colours of the Icelandic flag, first adopted in 1915 to represent Iceland.

Archaeologists also excavated a burial mound containing human remains that was buried with a horse and deposited grave goods such as a spear, a boat seam, iron artefacts and a silver ring.

Ragnheiður Traustadóttir, an archaeologist and director of the team told RUV: “It will be interesting to put this in context with the four mounds we dug up last year. There is a unique opportunity to look at the history of Seyðisfjörður from the second half of the 10th century until the 11th century.”

Header Image Credit : Antikva

 

- Advertisement -
spot_img
Mark Milligan
Mark Milligan
Mark Milligan is multi-award-winning journalist and the Managing Editor at HeritageDaily. His background is in archaeology and computer science, having written over 7,500 articles across several online publications. Mark is a member of the Association of British Science Writers (ABSW), the World Federation of Science Journalists, and in 2023 was the recipient of the British Citizen Award for Education, the BCA Medal of Honour, and the UK Prime Minister's Points of Light Award.
spot_img

Mobile Application

spot_img

Related Articles

Archaeologists reveal hundreds of ancient monuments using LiDAR

A new study published in the journal Antiquity has revealed hundreds of previously unrecorded monuments at Baltinglass in County Wicklow, Ireland.

Archaeologists use revolutionary GPR robot to explore Viking Age site

Archaeologist from NIKU are using a revolutionary new GPR robot to explore a Viking Age site in Norway’s Sandefjord municipality.

Highway construction delayed following Bronze Age discoveries

Excavations in preparation for the S1 Expressway have delayed road construction following the discovery of two Bronze Age settlements.

Archaeologists uncover possible phallus carving at Roman Vindolanda

Excavations at the Roman fort of Vindolanda have uncovered a possible phallus carving near Hadrian’s Wall.

Carbonised Herculaneum papyrus reveals burial place of Plato

An analysis of carbonised papyrus from the Roman town of Herculaneum has revealed the burial place of Plato.

Sealed 18th century glass bottles discovered at George Washington’s Mount Vernon

As part of a $40 million Mansion Revitalisation Project, archaeologists have discovered two sealed 18th century glass bottles at George Washington's Mount Vernon.

Study suggests human occupation in Patagonia prior to the Younger Dryas period

Archaeologists have conducted a study of lithic material from the Pilauco and Los Notros sites in north-western Patagonia, revealing evidence of human occupation in the region prior to the Younger Dryas period.

Fort excavation uncovers Roman sculpture

Archaeologists excavating Stuttgart’s Roman fort have uncovered a statue depicting a Roman god.