Amphora workshop uncovered in Tabba Matouh

Archaeologists have uncovered an amphora workshop at Tabba Matouh in west Alexandria, Egypt.

The site manufactured amphorae and pottery during the Graeco-Roman period and also served as a storage warehouse.

Amphorae have a pointed bottom and were used for the transportation of various products, both liquid and dry, but mostly for wine by land or sea trade routes.

The workshop was discovered by an Egyptian archaeological mission and consists of a group of kilns which were operated throughout different periods in history.

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Image Credit : Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities

Whilst amphorae production was mainly during the Roman period, the workshop was later used for the production of lime possibly in the Byzantine period. Evidence also shows activity during the Middle Ages where the site was repurposed as a cemetery.

To the south of the ovens is a structure that served as a warehouse for the amphorae, also containing large cooking pots and tableware, whilst a group of limestone buildings consisting of thirty rooms were used as temporary accommodation for the workers and food preparation.

Within the group of buildings, the researchers found firewood, amphorae, small statues and animal bones, in addition to Ptolemaic coins bearing the faces of Alexander the Great and Queen Cleopatra.

Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities

Header Image Credit : Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities

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Mark Milligan
Mark Milligan
Mark Milligan is multi-award-winning journalist and the Managing Editor at HeritageDaily. His background is in archaeology and computer science, having written over 7,500 articles across several online publications. Mark is a member of the Association of British Science Writers (ABSW), the World Federation of Science Journalists, and in 2023 was the recipient of the British Citizen Award for Education, the BCA Medal of Honour, and the UK Prime Minister's Points of Light Award.

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