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Gold “bling” fell out of fashion in ancient times

A study of thousands of Bronze and Iron Age artefacts has suggested that gold became seen as excessive, and went out of fashion for a period lasting hundreds of years.

Researchers at the Cranfield Forensic Institute (CFI) studied gold objects from 89 sites across the South Caucasus, where they revealed how gold was rejected at some of the world’s ancient centres for gold mining and gold working.

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The study created a geospatial analysis, and analysed archaeological evidence to test possible explanations for the decline in gold from 1500-800 BC, in areas which had previously developed a highly complex and elaborate gold metallurgical tradition.

Spatial modelling indicated that there was no correlation between ease of access to ore deposits, suggesting that loss of access was not a prime cause. Archaeological evidence and genetic studies suggest no demographic disruption or social collapse, instead it demonstrates a period of prosperity and innovation in metal technologies other than gold.

Dr Nathaniel Erb-Satullo from Cranfield University said: “The findings suggest that rather than any shortages, the abandonment of gold was due to cultural factors. The way that gold objects were used in society provided clues as to the nature of this social rejection.”

The researchers believe that in the centuries leading up to the decline, gold had become an extreme symbol of elitism (evident by the volume of grave goods made from gold), which would become rejected as acceptability of this kind of conspicuous consumption shifted.

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Dr Erb-Satullo added: “People still buried their dead with an array of grave goods and social differences were still visible, but huge, ostentatious burial mounds disappeared, and gold is noticeably absent. In general there was a turn away from a social order that emphasised elite individuals towards one that centred political and religious institutions, manifested by the appearance of monumental fortresses and sacred shrines.”

Cranfield University

Header Image Credit : Steve Batiuk, ASOR – CC BY 4.0

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Mark Milligan
Mark Milligan
Mark Milligan is multi-award-winning journalist and the Managing Editor at HeritageDaily. His background is in archaeology and computer science, having written over 8,000 articles across several online publications. Mark is a member of the Association of British Science Writers (ABSW), the World Federation of Science Journalists, and in 2023 was the recipient of the British Citizen Award for Education, the BCA Medal of Honour, and the UK Prime Minister's Points of Light Award.
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