Date:

Ancient Earthworks Older Than Previously Thought

A series of earthworks thought to be 16th-century ramparts built by Turkish invaders in Romania are hundreds of years older than previously thought.

Archaeologists conducting fieldwork near the village of Masloc in southwestern Romania have carried out remote sensing and geophysical studies of the site that reveals a circular structure consisting of two ditches, two embankments, and a small central square with a visible remnant of a circular foundation.

- Advertisement -

The site was previously thought to be a fortification left by the Ottoman Turks when they occupied the Banat region of Romania during the middle of the 16th century.

The results of geophysical measurement in combination with a magnetic map – Image Credit : PAP

A research term used a drone to make a three-dimensional photogrammetric model of the terrain and determined that the fortifications were the central part of a much larger settlement, crossed by a road on both sides with adjacent structures with assigned field divisions for agriculture.

According to historians involved in the project, the fortifications can be identified with the medieval city of Machalaka. It was an important trade center in the region, first mentioned in 1322, and associated with Hungary.

Michał Pisz, a PhD student at the Faculty of Geology of the University of Warsaw who took part in the project said: “Today we know that the fortifications are definitely older and served a completely different function than previously thought. It was the central element of a commercial estate – probably a refugial temple or the seat of the city ruler – operating already in the 14th century. Turkish presence was not the beginning of the fortress’s existence, but rather its end”

- Advertisement -

Archaeologists have also located three other settlements on a similar plan in the vicinity that have since been leveled.

PAP

Header Image Credit : Sergiu Timut

- Advertisement -
spot_img
Mark Milligan
Mark Milligan
Mark Milligan is multi-award-winning journalist and the Managing Editor at HeritageDaily. His background is in archaeology and computer science, having written over 8,000 articles across several online publications. Mark is a member of the Association of British Science Writers (ABSW), the World Federation of Science Journalists, and in 2023 was the recipient of the British Citizen Award for Education, the BCA Medal of Honour, and the UK Prime Minister's Points of Light Award.
spot_img

Mobile Application

spot_img

Related Articles

Underwater archaeologists find 112 glassware objects off Bulgaria’s coast

A team of underwater archaeologists from the Regional Historical Museum Burgas have recovered 112 glass objects from Chengene Skele Bay, near Burgas, Bulgaria.

Bronze Age axe found off Norway’s east coast

Archaeologists from the Norwegian Maritime Museum have discovered a Bronze Age axe off the coast of Arendal in the Skagerrak strait.

Traces of Bahrain’s lost Christian community found in Samahij

Archaeologists from the University of Exeter, in collaboration with the Bahrain Authority for Culture and Antiquities, have discovered the first physical evidence of a long-lost Christian community in Samahij, Bahrain.

Archaeologists uncover preserved wooden elements from Neolithic settlement

Archaeologists have discovered wooden architectural elements at the La Draga Neolithic settlement.

Pyramid of the Moon marked astronomical orientation axis of Teōtīhuacān

Teōtīhuacān, loosely translated as "birthplace of the gods," is an ancient Mesoamerican city situated in the Teotihuacan Valley, Mexico.

Anglo-Saxon cemetery discovered in Malmesbury

Archaeologists have discovered an Anglo-Saxon cemetery in the grounds of the Old Bell Hotel in Malmesbury, England.

Musket balls from “Concord Fight” found in Massachusetts

Archaeologists have unearthed five musket balls fired during the opening battle of the Revolutionary War at Minute Man National Historical Park in Concord, United States.

3500-year-old ritual table found in Azerbaijan

Archaeologists from the University of Catania have discovered a 3500-year-old ritual table with the ceramic tableware still in...