Teotihuacan is an ancient Mesoamerican city located 40km from modern-day Mexico City.

Construction began around 100 BC, with continuous habitation lasting into the 7th and 8th centuries AD.

The pre-Columbian city had a population estimated at around 125,000 and a large metropolis consisting of dwellings, temples, pyramids and ceremonial spaces that covered an area of 8 square miles.

Teotihuacan is architecturally and anthropologically significant for its complex, multi-family residential compounds, the Avenue of the Dead, the vibrant murals and the giant Mesoamerican pyramids that are comparable in size to the Pyramids of the Giza plateau in Egypt.

Although it is a subject of debate whether Teotihuacan was the center of a state empire, its influence throughout Mesoamerica is well documented; evidence of Teotihuacano presence can be seen at numerous sites in Veracruz and the Maya region.

The later Aztecs saw these magnificent ruins and claimed a common ancestry with the Teotihuacanos, modifying and adopting aspects of their culture. The ethnicity of the inhabitants of Teotihuacan is the subject of debate. Possible candidates are the Nahua, Otomi or Totonac ethnic groups.

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Mark Milligan is an award winning journalist and the Managing Editor at HeritageDaily. His background is in archaeology and computer science, having written over 7,500 articles across several online publications. Mark is a member of the Association of British Science Writers (ABSW), the World Federation of Science Journalists, and in 2023 was the recipient of the British Citizen Award for Education and the BCA Medal of Honour.