Archaeologists to lift lid on mysterious stone coffin at Richard III site

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Archaeologists are hoping to discover who was buried in a 14th century stone coffin found near the final resting place of Richard III.

The University of Leicester team will lift the lid on the lead-lined coffin at some stage this week – the final week of their second dig at the Grey Friars site.

The dig team suspect the coffin may contain a medieval knight or one of two high-ranking Franciscans at the friary.

 

The archaeologists discovered the coffin during the first Grey Friars dig in September, but weren’t able to investigate it further at the time.

Now, the team are carrying out their second excavation of the Grey Friars church – and are hoping to examine the stone coffin in the final week of the dig.

coffin2
Credit : University of Leicester

The coffin is the first fully intact stone coffin found in Leicester, and is likely to contain a high-status burial – though we don’t currently know who is buried within.

The team suspect the coffin was buried in the 14th century – more than 100 years before Richard III was killed at the Battle of Bosworth and buried at the friary.

The archaeologists suspect the grave could belong to one of three prestigious figures known to buried at the friary.

These include two leaders of the English Grey Friars order – Peter Swynsfeld, who died in 1272, and William of Nottingham, who died in 1330.

Records also suggest the friary contains the grave of ‘a knight called Mutton, sometime mayor of Leicester’.

This may be 14th century knight Sir William de Moton of Peckleton, who died between 1356 and 1362.

coffin3
Credit : University of Leicester

Grey Friars site director Mathew Morris, of the University of Leicester Archaeological Services (ULAS), said: “Stone coffins are unusual in Leicester – and this is the first time we have found a fully intact stone coffin during all our excavations of medieval sites in the city. I am excited that it appears to be intact.

“We plan to get a plan of the coffin by measuring it and taking photos. Then we will lift the lid up to see what is inside.

“The coffin could be William de Moton, Peter Swynsfeld or William of Nottingham – who are all important people. Swynsfeld and Nottingham were heads of the Grey Friars order in England.”

Leading UK construction and infrastructure company Morgan Sindall is currently on site constructing a King Richard III Visitor Centre to showcase some of the finds from the site. Morgan Sindall is working with the archaeological team to enable access to the site whilst building work continues.

Header Image Credit : University of Leicester

Cotributing Source : University of Leicester

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