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Scientists are studying Neandertal DNA in modern humans using stem cells and organoids

Protocols that allow the transformation of human induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) lines into organoids have changed the way scientists can study developmental processes and enable them to decipher the interplay between genes and tissue formation, particularly for organs where primary tissue is not available.

Immune properties in ancient DNA found in isolated villages might benefit humanity today

Could remnants of DNA from a now extinct human subspecies known as the Denisovans help boost the immune functions of modern humans?

DNA Study Finds Evidence of Tropical Disease in Medieval Europe

A DNA study on victims of the plague in mass graves in Lithuania has found a woman inflicted with Frambesia tropica, otherwise known as Yaws disease in addition to having the plague.

Genomic analysis shows long-term genetic mixing in West Asia before world’s first cities

New research on one history's most important trading hubs provides some of the earliest genetic glimpses at the movement and interactions of populations that lived in parts of Western Asia between two major events in human history: the origins of agriculture and the rise of some of the world's first cities.

Who were the Canaanites? New insight from 73 ancient genomes

The people who lived in the area known as the Southern Levant--which is now recognized as Israel, the Palestinian Authority, Jordan, Lebanon, and parts of Syria--during the Bronze Age (circa 3500-1150 BCE) are referred to in ancient biblical texts as the Canaanites.

ADHD: genomic analysis in samples of Neanderthals and modern humans

The frequency of genetic variants associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has decreased progressively in the evolutionary human lineage from the Palaeolithic to nowadays, according to a study published in the journal Scientific Reports.

Inherited Neandertal gene in women causes increased birth rate

One third of women living in Europe today have inherited the receptor for progesterone from the Neandertals according to a new study by researchers from the Max Planck Institute.

Two periods of prehistoric mass migration in France

A study by researchers from the Institut Jacques Monod (CNRS/Université de Paris) has revealed that the prehistoric history of France shows two distinct periods of migration.

Newly sequenced genomes from prehistoric hunter-gatherers reveal connections with First Americans and across Eurasia

Using human population genetics, ancient pathogen genomics and isotope analysis, a team of researchers assessed the population history of the Lake Baikal region, finding the deepest connection to date between the peoples of Siberia and the Americas.

Study of giant viruses frozen in ice for a millenia

Giant viruses known as "Girus", frozen in the permafrost from the remote landscapes of Siberia and the Antarctic is being studied by Michigan State University.

Bronze Age DNA Shows Direct Genetic Link to Current Inhabitants of Southern Poland

By analysing the DNA of skeletons from the Neolithic and Bronze Ages, scientists from the Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań found that there was a direct continuity of colonisation.

Scientists invented an ageing vaccine

Prof. Viktor Seledtsov, a senior researcher at the IKBFU Center of Medical Biotechnologies and Alexei von Delwig, a researcher at Innovita Res (Vilnius, Lithuania) have published an article in Expert Review of Vaccines scientific journal, a new way to prevent autoimmune diseases associated with aging like atherosclerosis, Alzheimer's disease, and Parkinson's disease was described in the article.