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New Research Traces the Origins of Trench Fever

First observed among British Expeditionary Forces in 1915, trench fever sickened an estimated 500,000 soldiers during World War I.

Scientists Find Medieval Plague Outbreaks Picked up Speed Over 300 Years

McMaster University researchers who analyzed thousands of documents covering a 300-year span of plague outbreaks in London, England, have estimated that the disease spread four times faster in the 17th century than it had in the 14th century.

Evolution Y Chromosome in Great Apes Deciphered

New analysis of the DNA sequence of the male-specific Y chromosomes from all living species of the great ape family helps to clarify our understanding of how this enigmatic chromosome evolved.

New Research Proves the Feasibility of Retrieving Bacterial DNA From Ancient Latrines

New study demonstrates methods of ancient bacterial detection, pioneered in studies of past epidemics, to characterize the microbial diversity of ancient gut contents from two medieval latrines.

Archaeology Uncovers Infectious Disease Spread – 4000 Years Ago

New bioarchaeology research from a University of Otago PhD candidate has shown how infectious diseases may have spread 4000 years ago, while highlighting the dangers of letting such diseases run rife.

Viking DNA Research Yields Unexpected Information About Who They Were

In the popular imagination, Vikings were fearsome blonde-haired warriors from Scandinavia who used longboats to carry out raids across Europe in a brief but bloody reign of terror.

The Oldest Neanderthal DNA of Central-Eastern Europe

Around 100,000 years ago, the climate worsened abruptly and the environment of Central-Eastern Europe shifted from forested to open steppe/taiga habitat, promoting the dispersal of wooly mammoth, wooly rhino and other cold adapted species from the Arctic.

A 400-Year-Old Chamois Serves as Model for Research on Ice Mummies

In mummified specimens, DNA has often degraded and is present only in minimal amounts.

Lactose Tolerance Spread Throughout Europe in Only a Few Thousand Years

The human ability to digest the milk sugar lactose after infancy spread throughout Central Europe in only a few thousand years.

Helminth Infections Common in Medieval Europe, Grave Study Finds

Although helminth infections--including tapeworms and roundworms-are among the world's top neglected diseases, they are no longer endemic in Europe.

Remains of 17th Century Bishop Support Neolithic Emergence of Tuberculosis

When Anthropologist Caroline Arcini and her colleagues at the Swedish Natural Historical Museum discovered small calcifications in the extremely well preserved lungs of Bishop Peder Winstrup, they knew more investigation was needed.

New Algorithm Suggests That Early Humans and Related Species Interbred Early and Often

A new analysis of ancient genomes suggests that different branches of the human family tree interbred multiple times, and that some humans carry DNA from an archaic, unknown ancestor.