Salamis – The City of Teucer

Related Articles

Related Articles

Salamis is an archaeological site and an ancient city-state, located at the mouth of the River Pedieos in Cyprus.

The earliest evidence of occupation dates from around the 11th century BC during the Late Bronze Age III, when migrating tribes from Anatolia and Achaeans from Greece settled in Cyprus.

According to mythology, the city was founded by Teucer, the son of King Telamon of Salamis Island. Teucer was a renowned archer who fought alongside his half-brother, Ajax the Great in the Trojan War.

 

Image Credit : Keith Murray

As the Iliad came to its conclusion, Ajax falls upon his own sword and commits suicide after being tricked by Athena to dishonour himself. Because of his half-brother’s suicide, Teucer stood trial before his father, where he was found guilty of negligence for not returning with Ajax’s body.

King Telamon disowned Teucer and banished him from his kingdom on Salamis Island. Teucer then joined King Belus II in his campaign against Cyprus and founded the city of Salamis, naming it after his former homelands.

The history of Salamis during the early Archaic and Classical periods is reflected in the narrations of the Greek historian Herodotus and the much later speeches of the Greek orator Isocrates.

Image Credit : Keith Murray

Isocrates mentions Evagoras I, King of Salamis from 411–374 BC who was presented as a model ruler. Under his reign, the city prospered as a centre of Greek culture and art, adopting the Greek alphabet in Cyprus in place of the older Cypriot syllabary. After Alexander the Great conquered the Persian Empire, Ptolemy I of Egypt ruled the island of Cyprus with Salamis being the seat of power for the island.

By the Roman period, Salamis was part of the province of Cilicia, but the Hellenistic capital of Cyprus was moved from Salamis to Paphos. The loss of status did not diminish the importance of Salamis, which was favoured by the Roman emperors Trajan and Hadrian. The Romans restored existing structures and established new public buildings such as a gymnasium, theatre, amphitheatre, stadium, public baths, temples and a large Roman agora.

Image Credit : Keith Murray

A series of earthquakes led to a physical deterioration of the city structures. Salamis was subsequently reconstructed by the Byzantine Emperor Constantin the Second and renamed to Konstantia. Although smaller in scale to the Roman precursor, Konstantia once again took the title of capital city from Paphos and became an Episcopal seat.

Silting of the city harbour led to a gradual decline in the population that was largely dependant on trade. Salamis was finally abandoned in the 7th century AD, due in part to further earthquakes in the region and because of the Arab invasions from AD 647.

Header Image Credit : Jon Culver

Download the HeritageDaily mobile application on iOS and Android

More on this topic

LATEST NEWS

Walking, Talking and Showing Off – a History of Roman Gardens

In ancient Rome, you could tell a lot about a person from the look of their garden. Ancient gardens were spaces used for many activities, such as dining, intellectual practice, and religious rituals.

Curious Kids: How did the First Person Evolve?

We know humans haven’t always been around. After all, we wouldn’t have survived alongside meat-eating dinosaurs like Tyrannosaurus rex.

Ring-like Structure on Ganymede May Have Been Caused by a Violent Impact

Researchers from Kobe University and the National Institute of Technology, Oshima College have conducted a detailed reanalysis of image data from Voyager 1, 2 and Galileo spacecraft in order to investigate the orientation and distribution of the ancient tectonic troughs found on Jupiter’s moon Ganymede.

Tracing Evolution From Embryo to Baby Star

Astronomers using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) took a census of stellar eggs in the constellation Taurus and revealed their evolution state.

“Woodhenge” Discovered in the Iberian Peninsula

Archaeologists conducting research in the Perdigões complex in the Évora district of the Iberian Peninsula has uncovered a “Woodhenge” monument.

New Fossil Discovery Shows How Ancient ‘Hell Ants’ Hunted With Headgear

Researchers from New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT), Chinese Academy of Sciences and University of Rennes in France have unveiled a stunning 99-million-year-old fossil pristinely preserving an enigmatic insect predator from the Cretaceous Period -- a 'hell ant' (haidomyrmecine) -- as it embraced its unsuspecting final victim, an extinct relative of the cockroach known as Caputoraptor elegans.

New Algorithm Suggests That Early Humans and Related Species Interbred Early and Often

A new analysis of ancient genomes suggests that different branches of the human family tree interbred multiple times, and that some humans carry DNA from an archaic, unknown ancestor.

Long Neck Helped Reptile Hunt Underwater

Its neck was three times as long as its torso, but had only 13 extremely elongated vertebrae: Tanystropheus, a bizarre giraffe-necked reptile which lived 242 million years ago, is a paleontological absurdity.

Popular stories

Port Royal – The Sodom of the New World

Port Royal, originally named Cagway was an English harbour town and base of operations for buccaneers and privateers (pirates) until the great earthquake of 1692.

Matthew Hopkins – The Real Witch-Hunter

Matthew Hopkins was an infamous witch-hunter during the 17th century, who published “The Discovery of Witches” in 1647, and whose witch-hunting methods were applied during the notorious Salem Witch Trials in colonial Massachusetts.

Did Corn Fuel Cahokia’s Rise?

A new study suggests that corn was the staple subsistence crop that allowed the pre-Columbian city of Cahokia to rise to prominence and flourish for nearly 300 years.

The Real Dracula?

“Dracula”, published in 1897 by the Irish Author Bram Stoker, introduced audiences to the infamous Count and his dark world of sired vampiric minions.