Takht-e Soleymān – The Throne of Solomon

Related Articles

Related Articles

Takht-e Soleymān is an archaeological site located near the modern-day town of Takab in the West Azerbaijan Province of Iran.

The earliest occupation dates from the 5th century BC during the Achaemenid period (also called the First Persian Empire). This was followed by later settlements constructed during the emergence of the Parthian Empire (also known as the Arsacid Empire).

Takht-e Soleymān’s first phase of construction was during the Sassanian period around the 5th and 6th centuries AD where the site was called Shīz. The Sassanian’s built a fire temple of the Zoroastrian faith called the Athur-Gushnasp (Azargoshnasb) around the sacred Avestan Chechasta Lake.

Image Credit : Water Alternatives

According to Avestan texts (sacred Zoroastrian book), Athur-Gushnasp was one of the three principal fire temples of the Sassanians and was dedicated to the “arteshtar” or warrior class of the Sasanid. Geographers and historians from the early Islamic identified the site to the time of Chosroès I (Khosrow I Anushiravan) around 531-578 AD.

Takht-e Soleyman was destroyed in AD 627 by the Byzantines in response to a Sassanian invasion of the Roman Empire. The Byzantines destroyed the Fire Temple and it was subsequently abandoned after the Arab invasion soon after.


Subscribe to more articles like this by following our Google Discovery feed - Click the follow button on your desktop or the star button on mobile. Subscribe

Image Credit : AlGraChe

This site got its biblical name in the 7th century AD due to a dried up calcareous artesian well which left an empty crater-like bed about 80m deep. Legends associated the well with an “infernal cavity” called Zendan-e Soleyman “Prison of Solomon” in which according to myth, Solomon used to imprison monsters. Takht-e Soleyman subsequently became mingled with the legends surrounding the Kingdom of Solomon and was named the “Throne (takht) of Solomon”.

Takht-e Soleyman continued to be occupied as an Islamic town until the establishment of the Mongol Il-Khanid dynasty. The Il-Khanid was a khanate established from the southwestern sector of the Mongol Empire that was first ruled by the Mongol House of Hülegü, a grandson of Genghis Khan. At its greatest extent, the Il-Khanid Empire comprised of modern-day Iran, Azerbaijan, Turkey and parts of Iraq, Armenia, Georgia, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Dagestan and Tajikistan.

Image Credit : AlGraChe

The Il-Khanid constructed a large summer palace, started by Abaqa, the second Mongol ruler of the dynasty, and was completed by his son Arghun. The palace was situated on the ruins of the Sassanian monuments and contained a large courtyard with an artificial lake surrounded by a fortified ovular wall.

The surviving secular structures represent a fusion of the traditions of Mongols and those from Eastern Asia that are intertwined in the established art and architecture found throughout the Il-Khanid ruins. The Il-Khanid deserted the site sometime in the mid-14th century, after which the site remained uninhabited.

Header Image Credit : AlGraChe

- Advertisement -

Download the HeritageDaily mobile application on iOS and Android

More on this topic

LATEST NEWS

Takht-e Soleymān – The Throne of Solomon

Takht-e Soleymān is an archaeological site located near the modern-day town of Takab in the West Azerbaijan Province of Iran.

New UD study shows that tropical forest loss is increased by large-scale land acquisitions

In recent years, there has been a rise in foreign and domestic large-scale land acquisitions--defined as being at least roughly one square mile--in Latin America, Asia, and Africa where investing countries and multinational investors take out long-term contracts to use the land for various enterprises.

New research reveals how water in the deep Earth triggers earthquakes and tsunamis

In a new study, published in the journal Nature, an international team of scientists provide the first conclusive evidence directly linking deep Earth’s water cycle and its expressions with magmatic productivity and earthquake activity.

Discovering an exoplanet the size of Neptune

An exoplanet the size of Neptune has been discovered around the young star AU Microscopii, thanks in part to the work of Jonathan Gagné, a former iREx Banting postdoctoral researcher who is now a scientific advisor at the Rio Tinto Alcan Planetarium.

A Blue Spark to Shine on the Origin of the Universe

Why is our Universe made of matter? Why does everything exist as we know it? These questions are linked to one of the most important unsolved problems in particle physics.

Trimontium (Newstead) – The Roman Fort

Trimontium is Roman fort complex located in Newstead on the Scottish Borders.

Volcanic Eruption Caused Social and Political Unrest Leading to Rise of Roman Empire

The assassination of Julius Caesar on the Ides of March in 44 BC triggered a 17-year power struggle that ultimately ended the Roman Republic leading to the rise of the Roman Empire.

Diets of Bronze-Age People in Southern Poland was Largely Vegetable Based

New study suggests that ancient Neolithic and Bronze Age people living in the southern parts of modern-day Poland survived mainly on a vegetable-based diet.

New Interactive Map Reveals the Lost Continent of Zealandia

A new mapping interface by the GNS Science’s Te Riu-a-Māui / Zealandia research programme (TRAMZ) reveals the geology of Aotearoa New Zealand and the lost continent of Zealandia.

Werwolf – The Classified Wehrmacht Bunker

Führerhauptquartier Werwolf was the codename for a bunker complex built during WW2 as a military headquarters for Adolf Hitler and his generals to monitor the eastern front.

Popular stories