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Roman Britain or Britannia refers to the areas of the frontier province which were under Roman control from 43 CE to roughly 410 CE. During this period, the borders on the northern frontiers changed many times as the Romans attempted to push the Empires boundaries deep into Caledonia.
The conquest of the island inhabitants (the Britons) led to a distinctive Romano-British culture emerging thanks to a a blend of existing pagan worship and Roman traditions.
The Roman administration also introduced mass urban planning projects, industrial production for export and the construction of road networks across the island for military application, trade and settlement.
By the end of the fourth century, Roman Britain had an estimated population of 3.6 million people, of whom 125,000 consisted of the Roman army and their families and dependents.
Many of Britain’s major towns and cities we know today such as London (Londinium), Manchester (Mamucium) and York (Eboracum), were founded by the Romans.
Header Image Credit : Rennett Stowe