Hadrian’s Wall is the most famous tourist attraction in the whole Northern England and has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
These accolades are well deserved as along the wall you can discover a multitude of historical sites. Hadrian’s Wall dates back 2000 years ago to the days of the emperor Hadrian, one of the Five Good Emperors to rule the empire. The wall exposes the beautiful northern landscape as well as ancient forts, ruined temples and historical towns.
1 Arbeia Roman Fort
Arbeia Roman Fort is located in South Shields on the River Tyne and contains the only permanent stone-built granaries yet to be discovered in Britain.
The fort was constructed around AD160 and is a must-see because it is the only fort along Hadrian’s Wall where visitors have the opportunity to see the archaeologists at work.
2 Walls End
Also known as Segedunum Walls End is located at the eastern end of the wall near the River Tyne.
Interestingly Walls End functioned as a garrison for 300 years. The fort is also home an excavated baths site and a museum. Currently it is the most excavated fort along the wall and exposes the barracks, stables and the commander’s house.
Vindolanda is located south of Hadrian’s Wall near the village Bardon Mill.
Vindolanda is famous for the Vindolanda tablets, which are described as one of the most important military discoveries in the Roman Empire. The museum also offers a fantastic insight into the garrison town, along with a fascinating insight into artifacts such as Roman helmets and other military finds.
4 Chester’s Roman Fort
Chester’s Roman Fort is the best-preserved calvary fort in Britain today.
The historic city of Chester is home to the famous fort that also contains the well-preserved baths and steamroom, as well as a museum containing a vast array of roman artifacts. The fort is located near the River Tyne and boasts some of the most beautiful northern landscapes.
5 Housestead’s Roman Fort
Also known as Vercovicium, Housestead’s Roman Fort is located at Housesteads, Northumberland and was originally an auxiliary fort.
Housestead’s Roman Fort is considered one of the wall’s most dramatic sites with its well-preserved fort and spectacular views of Northumberland National Park.
6 Birdoswald Roman Fort
Also known as Banna, Birdoswald Roman Fort is located at the western end of Hadrian’s Wall.
Interestingly, Birdoswald Roman Fort is the only location along the wall where significant occupation in the post-Roman period has actually been proven.
7 Lanercost Priory
The ruins of Lanercost Priory are located in Cumbria and what remains of the building was founded in 1166.
Due to its location close to Hadrian’s Wall the building suffered a multitude of attacks in the Anglo-Scottish wars, but has managed to remain as one of the best preserved Cumbrian monasteries.
8 Brocolitia Fort
Also known as Carrawburgh, Brocolitia Fort is located in Northumberland and was originally an auxiliary fort.
During excavations the Temple of Mithras was discovered. The temple dates back to the third century.
Heddon-on-the-Wall is a village located near Hadrian’s Wall in Northumberland.
The village contains a consolidated section of the wall that is two meters thick in some parts. This village is a favourite of walkers along the wall as for many it marks the end of the journey and boasts a picturesque location.
10 Corbridge Roman Fort and Town
Corbridge is a town located 2.5 miles south of Hadrian’s Wall.
The town is home to the remains of granaries, a fountain house, workshop and temples.
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