26 Sep 2015

2-million-year-old fossils reveal hearing abilities of early humans

Research into human fossils dating back to approximately two million years ago reveals that the hearing pattern resembles chimpanzees, but with some slight differences in the direction of humans.

A field worker shows a fragment of a hominin tooth from Woranso-Mille, Afar, Ethiopia, one of 152 tooth fragments sampled for isotope analysis to find evidence of diet change. CREDIT :
Yohannes Haile-Selassie, Cleveland Museum of Natural History
16 Sep 2015

Scientists report earlier date of shift in human ancestors’ diet

Millions of years ago, our primate ancestors turned from trees and shrubs to search for food on the ground. In human evolution, that has made all the difference.

Image Credit : Cueva del Ángel
15 Sep 2015

Cave of the Angel: Discoveries of a half a million year old Spanish Cave

On the 1st of September 2015, archaeologist, Cecilio Barroso sat before local spanish press at Lucena City Hall to announce the latest discoveries made at a cave in the outskirts of the small town in southern Spain.

Crania lateral. cc John Hawks_Wits University
11 Sep 2015

New species of human relative discovered in S.A. cave

The discovery of a new species of human relative was announced today, 10 September 2015, by the University of the Witwatersrand (Wits University), the National Geographic Society and the Department of Science and Technology (DST) and the National Research Foundation of South Africa (NRF).

CU Denver Anthropologist Charles Musiba in the lab examining bone fragments. Musiba was part of a team that recently discovered a new species of hominin in South Africa. CREDIT: Matthew Kasakavitch
10 Sep 2015

New species of hominin discovered

new species of hominin

Antillothrix bones and skull are displayed.
CREDIT : Journal of Human Evolution
07 Sep 2015

The million year old monkey: New evidence confirms the antiquity of fossil primate

An international team of scientists have dated a species of fossil monkey found across the Caribbean to just over 1 million years old.

03 Sep 2015

Study reveals human body has gone through four stages of evolution

Research into 430,000-year-old fossils collected in northern Spain found that the evolution of the human body’s size and shape has gone through four main stages, according to a paper published this week.

OH 86: Nature Communications (Creative Commons License)
28 Aug 2015

The secret of a 1.84 million year old finger bone

The Oldupai Gorge, the most famous gash in the earth of northern Tanzania. First discovered in 1911, this gorge became the backdrop for some of the most iconic hominin discoveries.

This is an illustration of Gueragama sulamerica, by Julius Csotonyi.
Credit : Julius Csotonyi
27 Aug 2015

Fossil remains of an Old World lizard overturn long-held hypothesis of lizard evolution

University of Alberta paleontologists have discovered a new species of lizard, namedGueragama sulamericana, in the municipality of Cruzeiro do Oeste in Southern Brazil in the rock outcrops of a Late Cretaceous desert, dated approximately 80 million years ago.

Here is a comparison of morphology in UW 88-886 (left), P. angusticepts males (CO 100, center), and P. izodi males (TP 89-11-1, right). Credit : Wits University
19 Aug 2015

Earliest baboon found at Malapa

A team from Wits University’s Evolutionary Studies Institute has discovered a fossil monkey specimen representing the earliest baboon ever found.

Emory University anthropologist Jessica Thompson is at work in the field in Africa. She specializes in the study of what happens to bones after an animal dies. Credit : Photo courtesy Jessica Thompson.
17 Aug 2015

Marks on 3.4-million-year-old bones not due to trampling, analysis confirms

Marks on two 3.4 million-year-old animal bones found at the site of Dikika, Ethiopia, were not caused by trampling, an extensive statistical analysis confirms.

06 Aug 2015

Paleo diet: Big brains needed carbs

Understanding how and why we evolved such large brains is one of the most puzzling issues in the study of human evolution.

04 Aug 2015

New analysis suggests body size increase did not play a role in the origins of Homo genus

A new analysis of early hominin body size evolution led by a George Washington University professor suggests that the earliest members of the Homogenus (which includes our species, Homo sapiens) may not have been larger than earlier hominin species.

16 Jul 2015

Evolution of our mammalian ancestor’s ear bone

It has long been believed that the hearing bone called stapes, one of the smallest bones in ancestor of mammals, shows no differences between species.

05 Jul 2015

How our early ancestors turned disability into advantage

A new evolutionary theory explains how critically small populations of early humans survived, despite an increased chance of hereditary disabilities being passed to offspring.

Photo courtesy of Fred Spoor of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.
03 Jul 2015

Ancient monkey brain revealed

The brain hidden inside the oldest known Old World monkey skull has been visualized for the first time. The creature’s tiny but remarkably wrinkled brain supports the idea that brain complexity can evolve before brain size in the primate family tree.

Credit : Erich Ferdinand
24 Jun 2015

Studies find early European had recent Neanderthal ancestor

In 2002, archaeologists discovered the jawbone of a human who lived in Europe about 40,000 years ago. Geneticists have now analyzed ancient DNA from that jawbone and learned that it belonged to a modern human whose recent ancestors included Neanderthals.

01 Jun 2015

Chronology of modern human dispersal into Europe

New high precision radiocarbon dates of mollusc shells show that modern humans occupied the Near East at least 45,900 years ago and colonized Europe from there.

27 May 2015

New human ancestor species from Ethiopia lived alongside Lucy’s species

A new relative joins “Lucy” on the human family tree. An international team of scientists, led by Dr. Yohannes Haile-Selassie of The Cleveland Museum of Natural History, has discovered a 3.3 to 3.5 million-year-old new human ancestor species.

29 Apr 2015

Not much size difference between male and female Australopithecines

Lucy and other members of the early hominid species Australopithecus afarensis probably were similar to humans in the size difference between males and females, according to researchers from Penn State and Kent State University.

16 Apr 2015

Palaeolithic remains prove cannibalistic habits of human ancestors

Analysis of ancient cadavers recovered at a famous archaeological site confirm the existence of a sophisticated culture of butchering and carving human remains, according to a team of scientists from the Natural History Museum, University College London, and a number of Spanish universities.

09 Apr 2015

Two ancient human fossils from Laos reveal early human diversity

An ancient human skull and a jawbone found a few meters away in a cave in northern Laos add to the evidence that early modern humans were physically quite diverse, researchers report in PLOS ONE.