OH 86: Nature Communications (Creative Commons License)
28 Aug 2015

The secret of a 1.84 million year old finger bone

The Oldupai Gorge, the most famous gash in the earth of northern Tanzania. First discovered in 1911, this gorge became the backdrop for some of the most iconic hominin discoveries.

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This is an illustration of Gueragama sulamerica, by Julius Csotonyi.
Credit : Julius Csotonyi
27 Aug 2015

Fossil remains of an Old World lizard overturn long-held hypothesis of lizard evolution

University of Alberta paleontologists have discovered a new species of lizard, namedGueragama sulamericana, in the municipality of Cruzeiro do Oeste in Southern Brazil in the rock outcrops of a Late Cretaceous desert, dated approximately 80 million years ago.

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Here is a comparison of morphology in UW 88-886 (left), P. angusticepts males (CO 100, center), and P. izodi males (TP 89-11-1, right). Credit : Wits University
19 Aug 2015

Earliest baboon found at Malapa

A team from Wits University’s Evolutionary Studies Institute has discovered a fossil monkey specimen representing the earliest baboon ever found.

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Emory University anthropologist Jessica Thompson is at work in the field in Africa. She specializes in the study of what happens to bones after an animal dies. Credit : Photo courtesy Jessica Thompson.
17 Aug 2015

Marks on 3.4-million-year-old bones not due to trampling, analysis confirms

Marks on two 3.4 million-year-old animal bones found at the site of Dikika, Ethiopia, were not caused by trampling, an extensive statistical analysis confirms.

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BRAIN1
06 Aug 2015

Paleo diet: Big brains needed carbs

Understanding how and why we evolved such large brains is one of the most puzzling issues in the study of human evolution.

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homo1
04 Aug 2015

New analysis suggests body size increase did not play a role in the origins of Homo genus

A new analysis of early hominin body size evolution led by a George Washington University professor suggests that the earliest members of the Homogenus (which includes our species, Homo sapiens) may not have been larger than earlier hominin species.

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mam1
16 Jul 2015

Evolution of our mammalian ancestor’s ear bone

It has long been believed that the hearing bone called stapes, one of the smallest bones in ancestor of mammals, shows no differences between species.

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d1
05 Jul 2015

How our early ancestors turned disability into advantage

A new evolutionary theory explains how critically small populations of early humans survived, despite an increased chance of hereditary disabilities being passed to offspring.

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Photo courtesy of Fred Spoor of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.
03 Jul 2015

Ancient monkey brain revealed

The brain hidden inside the oldest known Old World monkey skull has been visualized for the first time. The creature’s tiny but remarkably wrinkled brain supports the idea that brain complexity can evolve before brain size in the primate family tree.

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Credit : Erich Ferdinand
24 Jun 2015

Studies find early European had recent Neanderthal ancestor

In 2002, archaeologists discovered the jawbone of a human who lived in Europe about 40,000 years ago. Geneticists have now analyzed ancient DNA from that jawbone and learned that it belonged to a modern human whose recent ancestors included Neanderthals.

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f11
01 Jun 2015

Chronology of modern human dispersal into Europe

New high precision radiocarbon dates of mollusc shells show that modern humans occupied the Near East at least 45,900 years ago and colonized Europe from there.

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lucy1
27 May 2015

New human ancestor species from Ethiopia lived alongside Lucy’s species

A new relative joins “Lucy” on the human family tree. An international team of scientists, led by Dr. Yohannes Haile-Selassie of The Cleveland Museum of Natural History, has discovered a 3.3 to 3.5 million-year-old new human ancestor species.

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pen
29 Apr 2015

Not much size difference between male and female Australopithecines

Lucy and other members of the early hominid species Australopithecus afarensis probably were similar to humans in the size difference between males and females, according to researchers from Penn State and Kent State University.

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nat1
16 Apr 2015

Palaeolithic remains prove cannibalistic habits of human ancestors

Analysis of ancient cadavers recovered at a famous archaeological site confirm the existence of a sophisticated culture of butchering and carving human remains, according to a team of scientists from the Natural History Museum, University College London, and a number of Spanish universities.

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j1
09 Apr 2015

Two ancient human fossils from Laos reveal early human diversity

An ancient human skull and a jawbone found a few meters away in a cave in northern Laos add to the evidence that early modern humans were physically quite diverse, researchers report in PLOS ONE.

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LIT1
01 Apr 2015

New instrument dates old skeleton; ‘Little Foot’ 3.67 million years old

A skeleton named Little Foot is among the oldest hominid skeletons ever dated at 3.67 million years old, according to an advanced dating method.

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gorge
31 Mar 2015

Humans have always come in different shapes and sizes

Tübingen researchers show that even our earliest ancestors varied in build

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nea1
31 Mar 2015

The stapes of a neanderthal child points to the anatomical differences with our species

The Neanderthals (Homo neanderthalensis) inhabited Europe and parts of western Asia between 230,000 and 28,000 years ago; during the last few millennia they coincided with Homo Sapiens Sapiens, and became extinct for reasons that are still being challenged.

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jas
27 Mar 2015

Earliest humans had diverse range of body types, just as we do today

One of the dominant theories of our evolution is that our genus, Homo, evolved from small-bodied early humans to become the taller, heavier and longer legged Homo erectus that was able to migrate beyond Africa and colonise Eurasia.

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sl1
10 Mar 2015

Ancient fossils reveal diversity in the body structure of human ancestors

Recently released research on human evolution has revealed that species of early human ancestors had significant differences in facial features.

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hu
05 Mar 2015

Earliest known fossil of the genus Homo dates to 2.8 to 2.75 million years ago

The earliest known record of the genus Homo — the human genus — represented by a lower jaw with teeth, recently found in the Afar region of Ethiopia, dates to between 2.8 and 2.75 million years ago, according to an international team of geoscientists and anthropologists.

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manot
03 Mar 2015

The precise dating of ancient charcoal found near a skull is helping reveal a unique period in prehistory

A partial human skull unearthed in 2008 in northern Israel may hold some clues as to when and where humans and Neanderthals might have interbred.

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