For more than 30 million years after dinosaurs first appeared, they remained inexplicably rare near the equator, where only a few small-bodied meat-eating dinosaurs made a living.
A newly-identified species of spike-covered worm with legs, which lived 500 million years ago, was one of the first animals on Earth to develop armour for protection.
South African and Argentinian palaeontologists have discovered a new 200 million year old dinosaur from South Africa, and named it Sefapanosaurus, from the Sesotho word “sefapano”.
Twelve years ago, footprints of carnivorous dinosaurs were discovered and excavated in a quarry near Goslar.
A new study of an otherworldly creature from half a billion years ago – a worm-like animal with legs, spikes and a head difficult to distinguish from its tail – has definitively identified its head for the first time, and revealed a previously unknown ring of teeth and a pair of simple eyes.
The tooth plate of just some millimeters in size had been in a box for more than 40 years, without being recognized after the discovery and preparation of the fish it belonged to.
When it comes to the three-horned dinosaur called the Triceratops, science is showing the ancient creatures might have been a little more complex than we thought.
About 10 years ago, Peter Hews stumbled across some bones sticking out of a cliff along the Oldman River in southeastern Alberta, Canada.
Experts from the University of Manchester have identified Britain’s oldest sauropod dinosaur from a fossil bone discovered on the Yorkshire coast.
The fossils of the first dinosaur fossil from Washington State were collected along the shores of Sucia Island State Park in the San Juan Islands.
A new study from the University of Cambridge has identified one of the oldest fossil brains ever discovered – more than 500 million years old – and used it to help determine how heads first evolved in early animals.
Did ocean acidification from the asteroid impact that killed the dinosaurs cause the extinction of marine molluscs?
New research, led by the University of Southampton, has questioned the role played by ocean acidification, produced by the asteroid impact that killed the dinosaurs, in the extinction of ammonites and other planktonic calcifiers 66 million years ago
Scientists have successfully replicated the molecular processes that led from dinosaur snouts to the first bird beaks.
Researchers at an old geological site talk ‘dirt’ about how Ice Age climate change led to the extinction of mammoths and mastodons, but to the evolution and survival of bison, deer and other present-day species.
Many scientists have studied fossils from gigantic marine lizards called mosasaurs that lived at the time of the dinosaurs and flourished in ancient seas, but little is known about aspects of their breeding and birth.
Using state-of-the-art imaging techniques, palaeontologists at the Ruhr-Universität Bochum (RUB) have been examining extinct marine creatures.
Although well known as one of the most iconic dinosaurs, Brontosaurus (the ‘thunder lizard’) has long been considered misclassified.
Saurichthys is a predatory fish characterized by a long thin body and a sharply pointed snout with numerous teeth.
What do butterflies, spiders and lobsters have in common?
A newly discovered crocodilian ancestor may have filled one of North America’s top predator roles before dinosaurs arrived on the continent.
Today’s rich variety of beetles may be due to an historically low extinction rate rather than a high rate of new species emerging, according to a new study. These findings were revealed by combing through the fossil record.
360 million-year-old tetrapods may have been more like modern crocodiles than previously thought, according to 3D skull reconstruction.
A French-Kenyan research team has just described a new fossil ancestor of today’s hippo family. This discovery bridges a gap in the fossil record separating these animals from their closest modern-day cousins, the cetaceans.
This week a groundbreaking new resource for scientists will go live, and it is designed to help answer just those kinds of questions.
A new type of ichthyosaur, an extinct marine reptile which was alive at the same time as the dinosaurs, has been identified from a fossil found on Dorset’s Jurassic coast.
Tübingen geomicrobiologists show experimentally how microbial fossils resist the conditions of rock formation
At least 5 mass extinction events have profoundly changed the history of life on Earth. But a new study led by researchers at the University of Gothenburg shows that plants have been very resilient to those events.
A perfectly preserved amber fossil from Myanmar has been found that provides evidence of the earliest grass specimen ever discovered – about 100 million years old – and even then it was topped by a fungus similar to ergot, which for eons has been intertwined with animals and humans.
Washington, D.C.– A team of US scientists have found “beautifully preserved” 15 million-year-old thin protein sheets in fossil shells from southern Maryland.
Pioneering new research has debunked the theory that the asteroid that is thought to have led to the extinction of dinosaurs also caused vast global firestorms that ravaged planet Earth.
The most recent eruption on the Canary Islands – at El Hierro in 2011 – produced spectacularly enigmatic white “floating rocks” that originated from the layers of oceanic sedimentary rock underneath the island.
Finding a new species of dinosaur is pretty rare. Getting a hand in the discovery and naming of one – that’s rarer still.
Earth’s earliest primates have taken a step up in the world, now that researchers have gotten a good look at their ankles.
New research details how a preserved fossil found in China could be the oldest record of post-natal parental care from the Middle Jurassic.
Minuscule, fossilized pieces of plants could tell a detailed story of what the Earth looked like 50 million years ago.
Scientists have finally managed to extract DNA from Australia’s extinct giant kangaroos – the mysterious marsupial megafauna that roamed Australia over 40,000 years ago.
Dinosaurs flourished in Europe right up until the asteroid impact that wiped them out 66 million years ago, a new study shows.
Snakes may not have shoulders, but their bodies aren’t as simple as commonly thought, according to a new study that could change how scientists think snakes evolved.
University of Alberta PhD student Javier Luque has found the oldest crown-group true higher crab ever discovered, deep in the tropics of Colombia. The discovery of Telamonocarcinus antiquus pushes back the oldest known record of true higher crabs into the Early Cretaceous, dating about 110 million years ago.
The first discovery of fossilised rods and cones, receptors in the visual system, is reported online this week in Nature Communications.