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Anthropology

Flores bones show features of Down syndrome, not a new ‘hobbit’ human
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Flores bones show features of Down syndrome, not a new ‘hobbit’ human

August 5th, 2014 | by archaeologynews
In October 2004, the excavation of the fragmentary skeletal remains from the island of Flores, located in Indonesia, yielded what was deemed “the most important find in human evolution for 100 years.” The exciting discoveries...
Society bloomed with gentler personalities and more feminine faces
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Society bloomed with gentler personalities and more feminine faces

August 4th, 2014 | by archaeologynews
Technology boom 50,000 years ago is associated with apparent reduction in...
Ancient genetic material from caries bacterium obtained for the first time
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Ancient genetic material from caries bacterium obtained for the first time

July 23rd, 2014 | by archaeologynews
Streptococcus mutans, a principle bacterium that causes dental caries, has increased the change in its genetic material over time, possibly coinciding with dietary changes that are linked with the expansion of...
Marmoset sequence unveils new information on primate biology and evolution
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Marmoset sequence unveils new information on primate biology and evolution

July 21st, 2014 | by archaeologynews
A group of scientists from around the globe led by the Baylor College of Medicine and Washington University in St. Louis has completed the genome sequence of the common marmoset- the first sequence of a New World Monkey-...
Tooth plaque provides unique insights into our prehistoric ancestors’ diet
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Tooth plaque provides unique insights into our prehistoric ancestors’ diet

July 17th, 2014 | by archaeologynews
An international team of researchers has discovered new evidence that our prehistoric ancestors had a detailed understanding of plants long before the development of...
Walking on all fours is not backward evolution, study shows
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Walking on all fours is not backward evolution, study shows

July 17th, 2014 | by archaeologynews
Anthropology study shows quadrupedal humans are not products of...
A CNIO team reduces the size of the human genome to 19,000 genes
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A CNIO team reduces the size of the human genome to 19,000 genes

July 4th, 2014 | by archaeologynews
Over 99% of human protein coding genes have an origin that predates primates by over 50 million years. The study questions the genomic annotations of many different...
Smithsonian scientist and collaborators revise timeline of human origins
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Smithsonian scientist and collaborators revise timeline of human origins

July 4th, 2014 | by archaeologynews
Smithsonian scientist and collaborators revise timeline of human...
Insect diet helped early humans build bigger brains, study suggests
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Insect diet helped early humans build bigger brains, study suggests

July 3rd, 2014 | by archaeologynews
Insect Diet helped early humans build bigger brains, study...
Extinct human cousin gave Tibetans advantage at high elevation
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Extinct human cousin gave Tibetans advantage at high elevation

July 3rd, 2014 | by archaeologynews
Extinct human cousin gave Tibetans advantage at high...
In human evolution, changes in skin’s barrier set Northern Europeans apart
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In human evolution, changes in skin’s barrier set Northern Europeans apart

June 30th, 2014 | by archaeologynews
The popular idea that Northern Europeans developed light skin to absorb more UV light so they could make more vitamin D – vital for healthy bones and immune function – is questioned by UC San Francisco researchers in a new...
Did Neanderthals eat their Vegetables?
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Did Neanderthals eat their Vegetables?

June 26th, 2014 | by archaeologynews
Did Neanderthals eat their...
Evolution depends on rare chance events, ‘molecular time travel’ experiments show
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Evolution depends on rare chance events, ‘molecular time travel’ experiments show

June 23rd, 2014 | by archaeologynews
Evolution depends on rare chance events, ‘molecular time travel’ experiments...
The Lancet Infectious Diseases: Oldest ever schistosomiasis egg found may be first proof of early human technology exacerbating disease burden
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The Lancet Infectious Diseases: Oldest ever schistosomiasis egg found may be first proof of early human technology exacerbating disease burden

June 20th, 2014 | by archaeologynews
The discovery of a schistosomiasis parasite egg in a 6200-year-old grave at a prehistoric town by the Euphrates river in Syria may be the first evidence that agricultural irrigation systems in the Middle East contributed to...
Skulls with a mix of Neandertal and Primitive Traits Illuminate Human Evolution
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Skulls with a mix of Neandertal and Primitive Traits Illuminate Human Evolution

June 20th, 2014 | by archaeologynews
Skulls with a mix of Neanderthal and Primitive Traits Illuminate Human...
Did violence shape our faces?
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Did violence shape our faces?

June 9th, 2014 | by archaeologynews
What contributed to the evolution of faces in the ape-like ancestors of humans? The prehistoric version of a bar fight —over women, resources and other slug-worthy disagreements, new research from the University of Utah...
Genetic study helps resolve years of speculation about first people in the Americas
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Genetic study helps resolve years of speculation about first people in the Americas

May 16th, 2014 | by archaeologynews
A new study could help resolve a longstanding debate about the origins of the first people to inhabit the Americas, researchers report in the journal...
Dating and DNA show Paleoamerican-Native American connection
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Dating and DNA show Paleoamerican-Native American connection

May 15th, 2014 | by archaeologynews
Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Japan, Beringia and even Europe have all been suggested origination points for the earliest humans to enter the Americas because of apparent differences in cranial form between today's Native Americans...
Study suggests improved survivorship in the aftermath of the medieval Black Death
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Study suggests improved survivorship in the aftermath of the medieval Black Death

May 7th, 2014 | by archaeologynews
Skeletal analysis may support increased survival and mortality risk after Black...
Getting to the root of enamel evolution
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Getting to the root of enamel evolution

May 6th, 2014 | by archaeologynews
Along with our big brains and upright posture, thick tooth enamel is one of the features that distinguishes our genus, Homo, from our primate relatives and...
Genetic methods for sex determination on the Canary Islands aborigines’ remains
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Genetic methods for sex determination on the Canary Islands aborigines’ remains

May 1st, 2014 | by archaeologynews
Researchers from the University of La Laguna have applied a new genetic method to analyse archaeological remains that enables the sex of skeletal remains from the indigenous peoples of the island of El Hierro to be determined.....
Geographic Population Structure can locate the village your ancestors lived 1,000 years ago
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Geographic Population Structure can locate the village your ancestors lived 1,000 years ago

May 1st, 2014 | by archaeologynews
Tracing when your DNA was formed, is now possible due to a revolutionary technique developed by a team of international scientists led by experts from the University of...
The Trials of the Cherokee Were Reflected In Their Skulls
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The Trials of the Cherokee Were Reflected In Their Skulls

April 16th, 2014 | by archaeologynews
Researchers from North Carolina State University and the University of Tennessee have found that environmental stressors – from the Trail of Tears to the Civil War – led to significant changes in the shape of skulls in the...
Arterial disease associated with modern day living is found in 3,000 year old skeletons
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Arterial disease associated with modern day living is found in 3,000 year old skeletons

April 8th, 2014 | by archaeologynews
The first-ever skeletons with atherosclerosis, or clogged up arteries, have been found by archaeologists, according to new...
From athletes to couch potatoes: Humans through 6,000 years of farming
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From athletes to couch potatoes: Humans through 6,000 years of farming

April 8th, 2014 | by archaeologynews
Human bones are remarkably plastic and respond surprisingly quickly to change. Put under stress through physical exertion – such as long-distance walking or running – they gain in strength as the fibres are added or...
Diet and journeys taken in Sahara Desert thousands of years ago analysed through bone
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Diet and journeys taken in Sahara Desert thousands of years ago analysed through bone

March 26th, 2014 | by archaeologynews
The diet and journeys taken by those who lived in the Sahara Desert thousands of years ago are being analysed through their teeth and bones....
Natural selection has altered the appearance of Europeans over the past 5,000 years
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Natural selection has altered the appearance of Europeans over the past 5,000 years

March 11th, 2014 | by heritagedaily
Ancient DNA from archaeological skeletons shows that Europeans had darker skin, hair, and eye pigmentation 5,000 years...
Fossilized human feces from 14th century contain antibiotic resistance genes
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Fossilized human feces from 14th century contain antibiotic resistance genes

March 2nd, 2014 | by heritagedaily
A team of French investigators has discovered viruses containing genes for antibiotic resistance in a fossilized fecal sample from 14th century Belgium, long before antibiotics were used in...
OU researcher and team discover disease-causing bacteria in dental plaque preserved for 1,000 years
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OU researcher and team discover disease-causing bacteria in dental plaque preserved for 1,000 years

February 24th, 2014 | by heritagedaily
When a University of Oklahoma researcher and an international team of experts analyzed the dental calculus or plaque from teeth preserved for 1,000 years, the results revealed human health and dietary information never seen...
Interactive map of human genetic history revealed
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Interactive map of human genetic history revealed

February 14th, 2014 | by heritagedaily
The interactive map, produced by researchers from Oxford University and UCL (University College London), details the histories of genetic mixing between each of the 95 populations across Europe, Africa, Asia and South America...
Skeletons in the cupboard of medical science
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Skeletons in the cupboard of medical science

February 13th, 2014 | by heritagedaily
A researcher in the Department of History and Philosophy of Science, will explore the fascinating (often gruesome) development in 18th-century Paris of anatomical models and introduce her audience to a remarkable woman who made...
The genetic origins of high-altitude adaptations in Tibetans
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The genetic origins of high-altitude adaptations in Tibetans

February 11th, 2014 | by heritagedaily
Genetic adaptations for life at high elevations found in residents of the Tibetan...
Blue eyes and dark skin, that’s how the European hunter-gatherer looked
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Blue eyes and dark skin, that’s how the European hunter-gatherer looked

January 27th, 2014 | by heritagedaily
La Braña 1, name used to baptize a 7,000 years old individual from the Mesolithic...
Rainforests in Far East shaped by humans for the last 11,000 years
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Rainforests in Far East shaped by humans for the last 11,000 years

January 26th, 2014 | by heritagedaily
tropical forests of South East Asia have been shaped by humans for the last 11,000...
Putting ‘Adam’ in his rightful place in evolutionary history
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Putting ‘Adam’ in his rightful place in evolutionary history

January 23rd, 2014 | by heritagedaily
Our most common male ancestor walked the earth 209,000 years ago...
Calcium absorption not the cause of evolution of milk digestion in Europeans
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Calcium absorption not the cause of evolution of milk digestion in Europeans

January 22nd, 2014 | by heritagedaily
Ancient DNA from early Iberian...
Anthropology Professor Receives Prestigious Grant to Enhance Research Project
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Anthropology Professor Receives Prestigious Grant to Enhance Research Project

January 17th, 2014 | by heritagedaily
Grant to enhance his Maya Research...
Do cultural differences determine outcome of our activities?
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Do cultural differences determine outcome of our activities?

January 14th, 2014 | by heritagedaily
People perform various everyday activities that is culturally...
Ancient hunter-gatherers’ diet gave them toothache
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Ancient hunter-gatherers’ diet gave them toothache

January 8th, 2014 | by heritagedaily
Study shows earlier processing of carbohydrates caused dental problems for ancient...
Study tracks pace of molecular evolution
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Study tracks pace of molecular evolution

January 8th, 2014 | by heritagedaily
Study compares rate of molecular evolution between humans and chimps with that of their...