A group of scientists led by Dr Kara Hoover of the University of Alaska Fairbanks and including Professor Matthew Cobb of The University of Manchester, has studied how our sense of smell has evolved, and has even reconstructed how a long-extinct human relative would have been able to smell.
The annual excavations at the Roman fort of Vindolanda in Northumberland are starting this year with the help of some very special volunteers.
Spanish settlement of the Middle Rio Grande Valley in New Mexico changed the way people lived, but a new paper in the journal “The Holocene” by UNM Assistant Professor of Anthropology Emily Jones, suggests the change did not come quickly.
An 8,500-year-old male skeleton discovered in 1996 in Columbia River in Washington State has been the focus of a bitter dispute between Native Americans and American scientists, and even within the American scientific community.
Most dentists recommend a proper teeth cleaning every six months to prevent, among other things, the implacable buildup of calculus or tartar — hardened dental plaque. Routine calculus buildup can only be removed through the use of ultrasonic tools or dental hand instruments. But what of 400,000-year-old dental tartar?
Out of Africa via Egypt: Humans migrated north, rather than south, in the main successful migration from Cradle of Humankind
New research suggests that European and Asian (Eurasian) peoples originated when early Africans moved north – through the region that is now Egypt – to expand into the rest of the world.
A new study by anthropologists from The University of Texas at Austin shows for the first time that epigenetic marks on DNA can be detected in a large number of ancient human remains, which may lead to further understanding about the effects of famine and disease in the ancient world.
Geneticists from the University of Leicester have discovered that most European men descend from just a handful of Bronze Age forefathers, due to a ‘population explosion’ several thousand years ago.
The Bronze Age Egtved Girl came from far away, as revealed by strontium isotope analyses of the girl’s teeth.
Modern lifestyles have famously made humans heavier, but, in one particular way, noticeably lighter weight than our hunter-gatherer ancestors: in the bones. Now a new study of the bones of hundreds of humans who lived during the past 33,000 years in Europe finds the rise of agriculture and a corresponding fall in mobility drove the change, rather than urbanization, nutrition or other factors.
An international team, including archaeologists from the University of Southampton, has found evidence suggesting leprosy may have spread to Britain from Scandinavia.
A Simon Fraser University researcher has uncovered what may be the first quantified evidence demonstrating a relationship between upright locomotion and spinal health.
There has long been a debate among scholars about the origins of the first inhabitants of North America.
The team from the Universities of Bradford and Durham analysed the teeth of children and adults from two 19th century cemeteries, one at a Workhouse in Ireland where famine victims were buried and the other in London, which holds the graves of some of those who fled the famine.
Our skeletons hold tell-tale signs that show that human bipedalism – walking upright and on two feet – are unique to humans especially when compared to our closest living relatives, apes.
University of Leicester researchers discover that many modern men have genetic links to ancient figures such as Genghis Khan.
An international research team has shed new light on the diet of some of the earliest recorded humans in Sri Lanka.
More than 300 years ago, three African-born slaves died on the Caribbean island of Saint Martin. No written records memorialized their fate, and their names and precise ethnic background remained a mystery.
A team of anthropology researchers has found significant differences in facial features between all seven pre-Columbian peoples they evaluated from what is now Peru – disproving a longstanding perception that these groups were physically homogenous.
UAB has participated in a research published in Nature which identified a massive migration of Kurgan populations (Yamna culture) which went from the Russian steppes to the centre of Europe some 4,500 years ago, favouring the expansion of Indo-European languages throughout the continent.
A researcher from Plymouth University School of Biomedical and Healthcare Sciences had led an international team investigating viruses that entered the DNA of our ancestors millions of years ago.
A University of Otago, New Zealand, PhD student analysing dental calculus (hardened plaque) from ancient teeth is helping resolve the question of what plant foods Easter Islanders relied on before European contact.
Warfare not only hastened human technological progress and vast social and political changes, but may have greatly contributed to the evolutionary emergence of humans’ high intelligence and ability to work together toward common goals
New biological methods used to trace the evolutionary history of kinship patterns shed new light on how societies developed as farming spread across the globe during the Neolithic, according to new research by a UCL-led international team.
A University of Utah study of two African tribes found evidence that men evolved better navigation ability than women because men with better spatial skills – the ability to mentally manipulate objects – can roam farther and have children with more mates.
Millennia-old genetic variant that once provided advantages for survival in cold climates increases risk of hypoglycemia and infant mortality.
When Yanomamö men in the Amazon raided villages and killed decades ago, they formed alliances with men in other villages rather than just with close kin like chimpanzees do.
It has been found that Roman gladiators consumed a mostly vegetarian diet and drank ashes after training as a tonic. These are the findings of anthropological investigations carried out on bones of warriors discovered during excavations in the ancient city of Ephesos.
The skeleton of a man who walked the earth 2,330 years ago in the southernmost tip of Africa tells us about ourselves as humans, and sheds some crucial light on our earliest common genetic ancestry.
Genetic analysis reveals present-day Europeans descended from at least 3, not 2, groups of ancient humans.
Research has unveiled that the non-dominant hand is likely to have played a vital role in the evolution of modern hand morphology.
In October 2004, the excavation of the fragmentary skeletal remains from the island of Flores, located in Indonesia, yielded what was deemed “the most important find in human evolution for 100 years.” The exciting discoveries dubbed the find Homo floresiensis, a name implying a previously unknown species of our evolutionary past.
Technology boom 50,000 years ago is associated with apparent reduction in testosterone.
Streptococcus mutans, a principle bacterium that causes dental caries, has increased the change in its genetic material over time, possibly coinciding with dietary changes that are linked with the expansion of humanity.
A group of scientists from around the globe led by the Baylor College of Medicine and Washington University in St. Louis has completed the genome sequence of the common marmoset- the first sequence of a New World Monkey- providing brand new information on the marmoset’s unique rapid reproductive system, physiology and growth, unveiling new information on primate biology and evolution.
An international team of researchers has discovered new evidence that our prehistoric ancestors had a detailed understanding of plants long before the development of agriculture.
Anthropology study shows quadrupedal humans are not products of ‘devolution’.
Over 99% of human protein coding genes have an origin that predates primates by over 50 million years. The study questions the genomic annotations of many different species
Smithsonian scientist and collaborators revise timeline of human origins