Two thousand years ago, as the Romans invade Britannia, the princess, who will become the powerful queen of the great tribe of the Brigantes watches the enemies of her people come ever closer. Cartimandua’s world is, from the start, a maelstrom of love and conflict, revenge and retribution. (Erskine 2006)
Typology – the classification of objects, structures, or specimens by sub-dividing observed populations into a theoretical sequence or series of groups (types) and subgroups (subtypes) according to consideration of their qualitative, quantitative, morphological, formal, technological, and functional attributes (Darvill 2003: 443).
The Iron Age warriors of Britain were described as fighting naked except for the paint and tattoos adorning their bodies, they would wear torques around their necks, and there is some mention of iron hoops around the hips (Herodian III, 14, 7).
Due to Britain’s isolation it is possible that many of the ‘old ways’ were still being followed. There are very few eye-witness accounts of the inhabitants of Britain prior to the Roman invasions, and what we do have is from classical writers who believed them to be barbaric, not only in their fighting methods but in other aspects of their culture. Waite (2011) sums it up when he describes Celtic feasting and fighting to the death over the hero’s cut of meat
The first Magna Carta was signed in 1215 by King John of England. He was forced by an assembly of barons to put in writing, for the first time, the traditional rights and liberties of the country’s free persons. After another confrontation with barons, Edward I not only reissued the Magna Carta in 1297, but for the first time, it was entered into the official Statute Rolls of England and became the foundation of English law.
The Icknield Way is commonly known and referred to as an ancient track that stretches from the Wessex Downs to Norfolk. Accepted as being one of the original Green Roads of Britain it is believed to date from the Neolithic period and associated with trade, exchange and long distance communication. But is this road really just a myth that has grown up around a legend, and through the process of time and historical Chinese whispers, been turned into something that never actually existed?
An ancient Egyptian mummy has had quite an afterlife, traveling more than 6,000 miles, spending six decades in private hands, and finally, in 1989, finding a home at the World Heritage Museum (now the Spurlock Museum) at the University of Illinois.
Since its discovery in 1742, many theories have been put forward regarding the excavation, use and meaning of Royston Cave. But are we any closer to uncovering the truth, or has its secrets already been given to us in the form of the movie, The Da Vinci Code?
Dr Shane Burke, from Notre Dame University, Western Australia, has been undertaking archaeological investigations at the original site of Peel Town (Clarence), Henderson, Western Australia. The research aims are to record how the earliest British immigrants to Western Australia responded to the environmental and cultural constraints; and the appropriateness of items brought with settlers for colonization (Burke 2010).
Periwinkle Hill is situated between the villages of Reed and Barkway, in Hertfordshire, overlooking the old London to East Anglia road, with views that stretch as far as Ely. Located on this hill are the remains of a structure ploughed out from the surface, but believed to be a “proposed motte and bailey castle.”
Following on from the previous article, The First Boat People, we know that Sahul, the original name of Australia during prehistoric times, was settled around 40,000 years ago. Although this date is disputed it is now universally accepted as the most accurate and reliable.
Archaeologists and anthropologists are still uncertain as to who the first Australians were and from where they came. The debate has been further clouded by the discovery in 2003 of the new species of Homo, Homo floriensis, on the nearby Indonesian island of Flores. Who were the first Australians and how did they cross the ocean to a land they could not see?
The English Civil was one of those periods in history which is best known for the people who instigated it
South Cadbury Castle is well known for its suspected association with King Arthur as the site of his infamous castle,
The name given to a group of fortified sites on the south eastern coast of England are the Saxon Shore Forts The placing of the forts raises more questions R G R G C H C D H F S S The Roman Forts of the Saxon Shore D R S