The world has seen many wars and conflicts throughout history, which has given us a multitude of ancient defensive structures, like fortified walls, to see and explore. Here listed are just some of the many historic walls that litter the earth. They are all impressive feats of architecture for their time of construction and boast the pride and strength of their ancient civilizations.
1 Great Wall of China
The Great Wall of China is possibly the most famous fortification on the globe. It is constructed of various materials including: stone, brick, tampered earth and wood.
The wall stretches east-to-west along the northern borders of China as protection for the Chinese Empire. The wall dates back as far as the 7th century BC and has undergone various maintenance works since.
2 Hadrian’s Wall
Hadrian’s Wall is located in northern England and was constructed under the rule of emperor Hadrian in AD 122.
A large proportion of the wall still exists today and many Roman enthusiasts embark upon a pilgrimage yearly to walk along the wall.
3 Antonine Wall
The construction of the wall began in 142 AD and took a total of twelve years to be completed. The Antonine Wall resides on the border of Scotland, on what was the British Roman Empire’s northernmost border.
The wall contained 16 forts and was approximately 63 kilometers long and 3 meters high. Today not many of the fortifications survive but some of the remains are still visible.
4 Walls of Troy
Located in what is now Turkey, the Walls of Troy are some of the oldest walls that survive today. It is believed they date as far back as the 13th century BC.
The walls were constructed as protection for the legendary city of Troy and they survived the famous 10-year siege.
5 Aurelian Walls
The Aurelian Walls are located in Rome, Italy and were constructed during the rein of the Roman Emperors Aurelian and Probus between 271 AD and 275 AD.
The Aurelian Walls are famous for being the longest and best-preserved ancient city walls that survive in the world today. They are over 11 miles in total length.
6 Walls of Constantinople
The Walls of Constantinople defended and surrounded the city of Constantinople, now known as Istanbul, Turkey.
Constantine the Great built the walls and due to various alterations over time they became one of the most elaborate wall systems ever built.
Caerwent is located is South Wales and is home to some of the best preserved Roman ruins, including the mile-long wall that still stands today.
The walls date back to approximately to the 2nd century AD and they once reached an impressive 25 feet. The south wall is best preserved of the surviving walls and is well worth a visit.
8 The Walls of Ston
Located in Croatia the walls were built in the 15th century and are 5.5km long.
The defensive structure originally contained 40 towers and 5 fortresses. The walls are famous for being the second largest in Europe.
9 The Walls of Babylon
The Walls of Babylon date back to 575 BC and are situated approximately 85km south of Baghdad, Iraq.
Because of the grandness of its architecture the Walls of Babylon were considered one of the wonders of the ancient world.
Sacsayhuaman is a walled complex located on the outskirts of the city of Cusco in Peru.
Cusco was the formal capital of the ancient Inca Empire and the wall structure is comprised of large polished dry stonewalls with boulders cut in. The wall reaches a massive height of 3,701 meters and was made a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1983, along with the city of Cusco itself.
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