The Roman era is one of the most well known among today’s civilization, it is an era of history that is taught at the majority of schools and was so widespread that you can visit many different parts of the world and still manage to stumble upon some Roman ruins. Listed are some of the most majestic and dominating Roman structures that still stand today that cannot be missed.
Palmyra is located in Syria and its ruins are listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The city contains some of the empire’s most well preserved ruins.
The city of Palmyra experienced its golden years under the rule of the Romans. The city managed to retain a higher level of independence that other Roman provinces due to its relationship with Rome.
Palmyra contains some fascinating ruins including the Temple of Bel, the Baths of Diocletian, the agora and the Senate House.
The ruins of the city are located in Ercolano, Campania in Italy.
Herculaneum is an ancient Roman city that is unique in that it stands in almost as it did before the natural disaster that was the famous Mount Vesuvius eruption in 79AD. Most tourists visit Pompeii to get their fix on Mount Vesuvius but Herculaneum is well worth a visit as the volcanic pyroclastic flows preserved the city much better than Pomepeii with some of the upper floors of the buildings still being intact.
3 The Colosseum
The Colosseum, also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre, is located in the city of Rome.
The Colosseum is constructed of stone and concrete and is an elliptical amphitheater, it is known to be the largest in the world. Construction began in the first century AD by Emperor Vespasian; construction was completed in 80 AD.
Baalbek is a Roman city located in Lebanon.
The city is home to the largest Roman Temple to ever be constructed, which was a place of worship for Jupiter, Venus and Bacchus.
5 Ostia Antica
Ostia Antica is a Roman site that contains the ruins of an ancient port town, near Rome.
The ruins are extremely well preserved but less known than some other Roman ruins so is worth a visit to explore the Roman Empire without the hustle and bustle of a large amount of tourists. The town is most famous for its conflict with pirates in 68BC. The site contains a museum allowing tourists to learn about its decorated history.
6 La Maison Carrée
Also known as Square House, La Maison Carrée resides in Nîmes in the South of France.
La Maison Carrée is an example of not only the best-preserved Roman Temple but also the best preserved Roman building. The building was constructed in 16 BC.
7 Umm Qais
Umm Qais resides in Jordan and contains the remains of one of the ancient Decapolis cities, the settlement of Gadara.
The city was originally a Greek settlement but was taken over by the Romans in 63BC. The site is also an interesting visit for Christians as it is said to be the place in which Jesus performed the Gadarene swine miracle.
The site is known to be visually beautiful with both its location near the hills of Jordan and Lake Tiberius and the many ancient structures.
8 Nîmes Arena
Also known as the Nîmes Amphitheatre the arena is located in the city of Nîmes in France.
The structure is so well preserved that it is still functional for entertainment today as it was remodeled in 1863 in order for use as a bullring. Nîmes Arena was built in the first century AD under the rule of Emperor Augustus and had a capacity of 24,000 people.
Pompeii is possibly one of the most famous ancient cities in existence and resides on the Bay of Naples, Italy.
The city was originally founded in 6th-7th century BC and was buried by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79AD. At the time the city is said to have had 11,000 residents with a large amount of them preserved by the ash spewed from the volcano. The site is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and runs many tours.
10 Roman Forum
The Roman Forum is located in the centre of Rome and was constructed in the 7th century BC.
The Roman Forum contains many remains of buildings including temples, large arches.
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